Headline USA Politics

Biden will present reform to grant citizenship to undocumented persons on the first day of his government | The State

On the first day of his government, the president-elect Joe biden will present a reform proposal to seek to grant citizenship to about 11 million undocumented immigrants.

The Democrat’s plan has even surprised immigrant advocates, since a plan of that magnitude has divided the members of his party, added to the differences with Republicans, he indicated The Associated Press, which quotes four people who know the president-elect’s plans.

In addition to seeking to protect dreamers with a modification of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program (DACA), during his campaign, Biden announced that he would present an immigration reform to seek to naturalize the undocumented who live in the country.

The Democrat’s promise has been taken with care by activists, since in 2008 the president Barack Obama He promised immigration reform, an issue that he addressed until the second term, when DACA and DAPA emerged; the latter was to grant citizenship to parents of American children, but was detained in court battles.

However, this time the topic has a special connotation, due to the pandemic of coronavirusas at least nine million of those immigrants perform essential jobs.

“In these unique times… you have highlighted your crucial work as farm workers harvesting food for Americans; employees who stock shelves of groceries, and delivery men who bring food safely home “highlights a report from the Center for American Progress (CAP). “After decades of taking these jobs for granted, the country has realized how essential these people and their contributions are.”

If the new president’s plan continues as he presumed in the campaign, while the reform is approved, these immigrants could have relief in the persecution of Immigration and Customs Control agents (ICE), which would focus on looking for foreigners without papers and a criminal record, not people who have only violated immigration law.

Marielena Hincapie, Executive director of the National Center for Immigration Law was one of the people informed of the plan and said surprised, since it would be the opposite pole to the president’s agenda Donald trump, the agency highlighted in its report.

“This really represents a historic shift from Trump’s anti-immigrant agenda.”, said.

Ron Klain, Biden’s chief of staff, confirmed that the next president will send an immigration bill to Congress “on his first day in office,” although he did not elaborate.

President Biden reportedly made his plans known to Latino leaders last week at a roundtable by video conference attended by 19 organizations, according to the Transition Team.

“(On) his first day he plans to introduce immigration reform legislation and protect DACA recipients.”, said the campaign without specifying about the undocumented. “The group discussed the challenges faced by the majority of Latino workers who do not have the option of working remotely and the many Latino children who do not have access to high-speed Internet, which is necessary for remote learning.”

One of the attendees at that meeting, Domingo Garcia, President of LULAC, confirmed to the agency the plans on undocumented immigrants.

It was in 1986 when the most recent immigration reform occurred that gave relief to almost three million undocumented immigrants, it was signed by Republican President Ronald Reagan, but promoted by Democrats, recalled the historic activist Dolores Huerta in an interview with this newspaper.

“Of course Reagan had to sign it, because both houses approved it … I was there, in Washington,” he said bluntly, while defending the Democrats.

Plans to smooth the path to citizenship for the undocumented were also mentioned by the vice president Kamala harris in an interview with Univision, where he spoke of even reducing the route to eight years, once the “green card” was obtained.

Constant fear

Last week, a coalition of advocates for undocumented immigrants and their families asked President-elect Biden to help them through the coronavirus pandemic and stop the persecution for deportation.

“I am here today to personally ask Joe Biden to deliver on his campaign promises and to act immediately when he takes office next week to protect families like mine who have been persecuted and terrorized simply for daring to exist on this’ earth. of liberties, ‘”said Jeanette Vizguerra, an undocumented activist who has been living in a sanctuary at Denver’s First Unitary Society since 2015.

The group came to Delaware with the support of religious organizations and advocates for immigration and civil rights.


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Stimulus check will reach 3 million relatives of the undocumented | The State

Stimulus check.

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Nearly three million Americans and legal immigrants with an undocumented immigrant spouse or parent are eligible for the new fiscal stimulus package approved last December by Congress to deal with the economic havoc caused by the coronavirus pandemic.

This was estimated this Wednesday by researchers from the Migration Policy Institute (MPI), which put at 2.9 million the beneficiaries of aid of up to $ 600 under the new legislation and retroactive payments from the previous package of measures (the CARES Act) of up to $ 1,200 per person.

Of those 2.9 million people, 1.5 million are US citizen or legal immigrant children living with unauthorized immigrant parents and 1.4 million are citizen or legal immigrant spouses of unauthorized immigrants, they note.

Legislation passed by the Congress in December rectified the previous CARES Law, which prevented U.S. citizens and legal immigrants in mixed-status families from being eligible for payments to cope with COVID-19.

Despite this, they warn, some populations remain uncovered, including 2.2 million US citizen and legal immigrant children whose parents are undocumented.

“The recent extensions of aid to US citizens and legal immigrants in mixed-status families they enjoyed bipartisan support, ”noted researchers Julia Gelatt, Randy Capps and Michael Fix.

The experts indicated that, although these contributions will hardly increase budget items, they will generate “significant benefits for millions of US citizen children.”

Congress approved a new economic stimulus plan for $ 900,000 million designed to alleviate the deterioration of the economy due to the pandemic and that includes additional unemployment benefits and direct payments of $ 600 to all Americans with an annual income of less than $ 75,000.

This plan, although much less ambitious than the one approved in March, valued at $ 2.2 trillion and that it was the largest in the history of the country, it does allow millions of immigrants and direct relatives of the undocumented to receive financial aid.

MPI calculated that they were left out of the spring plan 5.1 million U.S. citizens and immigrants legal and all because they were children or spouses of unauthorized immigrants.

And then and now the 9.3 million immigrants unauthorized whose income is “low enough to meet the eligibility thresholds.”


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Coalition of Undocumented Immigrant Families Calls on Biden to Stop Deportations | The State

Vice President Biden promised deep immigration reform.

Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images

A coalition of advocates for undocumented immigrants and their families called on the president-elect Joe biden help them in the face of the coronavirus pandemic and stop the persecution for their deportation.

“I am here today to personally ask Joe Biden to deliver on his campaign promises and to act immediately when he takes office next week to protect families like mine who have been persecuted and terrorized simply for daring to exist on this’ earth. of freedoms’ ”, expressed Jeanette Vizguerra, an undocumented activist who has been living in a sanctuary at Denver’s First Unitarian Society since 2015.

She joined a group that traveled to Wilmington, Delaware, to ask the Democrat for a meeting, even though she and other applicants were in danger of being detained by Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents (ICE).

“I hope that the people, and especially the president-elect, understand the seriousness of the suffering we face and that led me to take risks today.”Vizguerra explained.

Among the organizers of the Familia coalition are the Trans Queer Liberation Movement, Metro Denver Sanctuary Coalition, Never Again Action, RAICES, Immigrant Justice Network, among others.

They demanded a moratorium on all deportations, as well as administrative relief for all undocumented, a group targeted by President Donald Trump, they charged.

“From your first week in office to your last, Donald trump it has mercilessly attacked immigrants, systematically undermined our rights and unleashed a torrent of abuses against us, ”he said. Nancy meza of RAICES.

The group was supported by religious groups leading the same fight and provided hospitality at Grace United Methodist Church.

“Our scriptures remind us that we should treat the stranger among us as one of our own,” said the Reverend Edwin Estevez, Grace’s senior pastor.

The president-elect Biden has promised that one of his priorities will be immigration reform, which would include a citizenship plan for the undocumented, in addition to redirecting ICE’s actions, to focus on the arrest of immigrants with criminal records.


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Biden will send immigration reform to Congress as soon as his government begins | The State

President-elect Joe Biden considers the immigration system one of his priorities.

Drew Angerer / Getty Images

The president-elect Joe biden He has a broad agenda for his first 100 days in office, but there are two priorities that he has clearly set: immigration reform and economic recovery in the face of the coronavirus pandemic.

“I will present an immigration bill immediately and send it to the appropriate committees (of Congress) to start the process.he said in Wilmington, Delaware.

Thus he responded directly to questions about his first actions nine days after the inauguration of his government.

He added that his plan is to reverse the immigration policies of President Donald Trump that, according to experts, such as the Dr. Nestor Castillo, can be modified by orderexecutive or administrative processes on the interpretation of current laws, in addition to the modifications that Congress must make.

“Of course, we are going to see of all the immigration proposals that Mr. Biden has made, which ones he will realistically be able to implement”, said Dr. Castillo. “One of the easiest is any executive action that President Trump has taken can be reversed by another executive action by President Biden, it can be taken immediately.”

Tom Jawetz, Vice President of Immigration Policy of the Center for American Progress (CAP), confirmed that the Democrat can promote changes with executive orders, in order to outline the reorganization of the immigration system.

He added that Biden should impose “A 100-day moratorium on deportations”, while the pending cases of immigrants in danger of expulsion are reviewed.

President Trump’s executive orders must also be “immediately rescinded, as well as” entrusted to cabinet secretaries the responsibility of delivering new plans. “

“After the last four years, the task of repairing the damage done to our immigration system and immigrant communities is enormous. But because the stakes are high, the work must begin immediately and be sustained during the incoming administration, ”said Jawetz.

Biden’s immigration project is broad, but although experts agree that reform from Congress is essential, there are substantial advances that it can achieve, such as: stop deportations of immigrants without criminal records, extend protection programs such as TPS and DACA, reverse policies that complicate obtaining “Green card” and they punish the poorest, among others.

Given that the Democrats won a majority in the Senate, it is possible that Biden will move forward with his immigration plans, but experts have also indicated that there are differences between congressmen of the same party, which could complicate the advance of the proposed plans.

“Even with the Democrats in control of the House, nothing guarantees you that there will be an immigration reform, although obviously one has more expectations,” said Dr. Castillo.


Headline USA

Judge opens the door for certain undocumented immigrants to get the “green card” | The State

Judge Timothy Cole, from Miami, made a decision in favor of undocumented Cuban immigrants, who asked to apply for the Permanent residence after being released “on parole” from an immigration detention center.

Immigration lawyers indicate that the decision, for now applicable to the plaintiffs in Florida, offers a path for the regularization of undocumented persons who, after being apprehended by elements of the Customs and Border Protection Office (CBP), they were released with a “parole”, which is a provisional document, known as “parole”.

This, according to an Efe report, applies to all immigrants who face the threat of deportation proceedings, but were released and managed to enter the United States again without having to pay a bond.

The report adds that the application at the national level depends on the decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA, for its acronym in English).

The lawyer Claudia Cañizares told the news agency that immigrants in this condition and their lawyers should not wait and begin the process of permanent residence or “green card”, if they comply with the other eligibility requirements, such as being married to US citizens.

Another immigration lawyer, Mario Cano, told the agency that the ruling applies to any other immigrant.

“It is valid for people of other nationalities in the same situation”, I consider.

With information from EFE


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The two states where undocumented immigrants can apply for driver’s licenses in 2021 | The State

Undocumented persons may be licensed in Oregon and Virginia.

Giorgio Trovato / Unsplash

This first day of 2021, the laws that allow undocumented immigrants residing in the states of Oregon and Virginia to obtain vehicle driver licenses came into force.

Now that it is no longer necessary to prove U.S. citizenship or legal residence in the U.S., to obtain a driver’s license in Oregon so it is necessary to present in the Department of Transportation (DMV) proof of identity and date of birth and certify Oregon residency.

The applicant must also demonstrate the payment of the corresponding fees and have passed the driving test, with the possibility of submitting a written declaration that they do not have a social security number assigned if they do not have one.

Unlike other driver’s licenses, licenses for citizens without legal immigration status will not be eligible for automatic voter registration.

Licensing in Virginia

In Virginia, Applicants will need to show proof of identity to the state DMV, two proofs of residency, documentation from the previous year’s tax return, or having been claimed as a dependent on a tax return in this state, plus a vision test. The license will have to be renewed every two years.

Licenses issued in both states will not comply with the federal Real ID personal identification standard, which allows, among other things, to board airplanes.

The defenders of both states agree on the importance that the undocumented have the right to be able to take their children to school and to be able to lead a normal life, without having the pressure of not having a driver’s license, thus improving road safety.

These laws protect the undocumented who apply for driver’s licenses from immigration agencies, to which no information will be provided.

The bad news came this week from the state of New Jersey, which passed the same legislation in December 2019 with a view to starting the process in January 2021, but has indefinitely suspended the issuance of driver’s licenses for undocumented immigrants.

The alleged reason is due to the lack of a plan and computer resources capable of implementing the standard due to the coronavirus pandemic, according to sources from the CNew Jersey Motor and Vehicle Omission (NJMVC).


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The undocumented with ITIN and their children born in the United States will not receive help of $ 600 | The State

Millions of undocumented immigrants face severe economic losses from the pandemic.

John Moore / Getty Images

Undocumented immigrants pay taxes through the Personal Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN), but they do not receive any benefit during the coronavirus pandemic, despite the fact that most work in essential jobs.

The new financial aid package sent good news to mixed families, where one of its members is American and can claim the $ 600 direct support plus help for their children, but this will not happen with those undocumented immigrants and their children, even if they were born in the United States.

In a forum of the American Business Immigration Coalition (ABIC), expert Jackie Vimo, of the National Immigration Law Center, specified that 1.75 million Americans married to undocumented persons could be benefited, as well as 1.72 million of their children born in the country.

However, another 3 million children whose parents pay taxes with an ITIN number will not receive $ 600 aid.

“Does not include stimulus checks for some 3 million American children who were unfortunate enough to be born to non-citizen parents who filed taxes using ITIN numbers.”, warns ABIC. “This exclusion denies them crucial survival funds.”

Immigrant advocates have criticized the constant exclusion of immigrants from undocumented in the stimulus plans against COVID-19, although they are among the main affected and are in the front line in agricultural jobs, food supply and restaurants.

These immigrants are also employers, since despite their status as undocumented, they have created businesses that hire up to 11 people on average.

According to a 2014 Senate study, between 336,000 and 470,000 undocumented immigrant entrepreneurs operated in the country. Their businesses represent between $ 3.7 million and $ 5.2 million of jobs, but they operate informally, despite paying taxes.


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The Undocumented Who Will Be Eligible for a Second Stimulus Check Even Without a Social Security Number | The State

The inclusion of couples with mixed immigration status as part of a new stimulus package will bring more money to hundreds of US households.

Karolina Grabowska / Pexels

Around 1.2 million undocumented would benefit from the provisions of the new stimulus law by being eligible to receive the $ 600 check.

The statute approved this Monday in the United States Congress provides so that undocumented persons married to spouses who have permission to be in the country also receive the funds.

As part of the first round of payments of $ 1,200 under the CARES law, this group -both the person with documentation and the person without- were excluded from the aid.

But, this time, lawmakers included clauses for these families to receive payments.

“Democrats secured a new round of direct payments worth up to $ 600 per adult and child, also ensuring that families with mixed immigration status receive payments,” he said. the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, in a statement.

Specifically, these are Americans who filed a tax return together with a spouse using an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN), rather than a Social Security number.

The exclusion of these people from payments in the first round left out a good part of one of the most vulnerable populations to the coronavirus for the essential tasks that in many cases they perform and without counting unemployment benefits.

The Telemundo report indicates that around 1.2 million additional individuals would benefit from the payments as a result of the legal provision.

However, the measure does not contemplate aid for undocumented immigrants who are not married to citizens or residents eligible to receive the stimulus check.

Retroactive payments of $ 1,200 from the CARES Act

The new agreement would also allow mixed-status families to retroactively receive checks for $ 1,200 per household and $ 500 per child allocated under the CARES law passed in March.

After the federal statute was passed, the authorities argued that a loophole excluded this group from payments. Some legislators such as Senators Marco Rubio and Thom Tillis presented the American Citizen Relief Act for the Coronavirus, to amend the problem of the exclusion of the mixed immigration status couples. However, it was not until the discussion of the new stimulus package that the provision was established.


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Acting Head of ICE, promoter of Trump’s toughest measures against undocumented immigrants, leaves post | The State

Pham was a regular critic of cities that offer “sanctuary” to undocumented immigrants.

John Moore / Getty Images

WASHINGTON – The Acting Director of the Immigration and Customs Enforcement Service (ICE), Tony Pham, announced this Friday that he will leave the position he has held since August at the end of the month, at the end of a management that included some of the toughest measures of the president Donald trump against immigrants.

“I am grateful to the Trump Administration for giving me the greatest honor of my career in the service of my adopted country,” the Vietnam-born official said in a statement.

“Running a law enforcement agency with such a committed staff has been an honor for me,” he added. “I have met many extraordinary employees throughout the United States, and I will continue to be a tireless advocate for the hard working men and women at ICE.”

“However, at the end of the year I will return home to Richmond, Virginia, to be closer to my family,” Pham explained.

Battle against the “sanctuary cities”

In tours of the country since his appointment as head of ICE, Pham criticized cities that offer “sanctuary” to undocumented immigrants and approved the placement of large posters in Pennsylvania, before the November presidential election, arguing that immigrants without papers present a danger to public safety.

During the controversy in October over the cartels, Pham said that “sanctuary policies too often limit cooperation with ICE and result in situations of concern for public safety.”

Pham began his career at ICE in January 2020 when he became the agency’s main legal advisor and has decided to end it when the emigration of officials who have served in the Trump Administration begins, which ends on January 20. .

He ICE It has not had a director confirmed by Congress since Trump came to power in 2017: its first acting boss, Thomas Homan, was nominated but never succeeded in getting him ratified, and the president appointed Ron Vitiello to replace him.

Matthew Albence replaced Vitiello, who stepped down in April last year after Trump revealed that he had withdrawn his nomination to head the agency.

Subsequently, that position was assigned to Mark Morgan, who would later go on to lead Customs and Border Protection (CBP), with which Albence would once again be in charge of ICE until his resignation at the end of last July to be replaced the month next by Pham.


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Immigrants detained by ICE say they will go on hunger strike until they are released or die | The State

At least eight immigrants are on hunger strike.

John Moore / Getty Images

Latino immigrants in a detention center in Bergen, New Jersey, who have been on a hunger strike for 22 days due to the conditions of their confinement, assure that they will maintain the measure until they are released “or we die of hunger”, and have reported that the Immigration and Customs Control Service (ICE) threatened to force them to eat.

“We are not criminals for ICE to treat us the way it is doing. He puts us in the same uniform as other prisoners convicted of many crimes and we are not that kind of person “, says the letter signed by eight Latino immigrants on hunger strike and posted on Twitter.

They add that although they do not consider themselves “better or less than they (the sentenced), we believe that they should treat us in a better way because we are not paying any sentence; the only crime we have committed is to be undocumented immigrants with the desire to help our family in our countries ”.

They add that as parents they have the right to be with their children, “and that is what drives us to continue the strike.”

The immigrants They began the strike demanding that they be allowed to return to their families either with electronic shackles or on bail due to fear of contagion of COVID-19 in a crowded prison where several have pre-existing health conditions that make them more vulnerable.

According to the letter, the ICE asked them to end the strike because to let them go they need to be in good health, but they say it was a false promise.

They also claim that on December 4 they received a call from a prison lieutenant to collect their belongings, “and we were happy thinking we were going home” but, according to the immigrants, the intention was to move us to older cells.

They indicate that the person in charge of the detention center, whom they identify as Lilliam Rosario, informed them that they would not be taken anywhere else.

“That is why we are not going to eat until they give us our freedom or we die of hunger because there are many times that ICE has lied to us”, they assure in the letter headed by Carlos Colindres Gomez, and they affirm that what they do is in response to “all the violations that Immigration has done against us.”

Specifically, they highlight that there are people detained for 2 or 3 years without any of them having committed a crime and warn that those who are on hunger strike face various health problems, “but ICE has not cared.”

They maintain that they were threatened that, if they did not desist from the strike, they would be tied to their beds and intubated to feed them.

They also ensure that one of the detainees was “physically and sexually abused” by guards at an Essex County detention center in Newark, NJ, who stripped him, beat him and yelled racist insults, for which he also joined the hunger strike in Bergen.

“ICE only comes to ask us to eat and threaten us saying that what we are doing is not going to work for us so that they let us leave,” they say.