Three months between the two vaccines, too long a time according to English experts

The British Medical Association has warned of too long a delay between the injection of the first and the second dose of the Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine because, according to its experts, waiting too long could reduce its effectiveness .

In the United Kingdom and in Quebec, the strategy adopted by governments is to offer a first dose of the vaccine to a larger number of people, even if it means extending the deadline for the second injection to almost three months. More specifically, in mid-January, Quebec recommended injecting the second dose of the vaccine within 42 to 90 days.

However, the head of the British Medical Association, Dr Chaand Nagpaul, warned that this decision could have an impact on the effectiveness of the vaccine, and recommends instead that the time between the two doses be limited to six weeks, or half of the time currently allocated.

Citing a World Health Organization study that recommended delaying the injection of a second dose of Pfizer’s vaccine in exceptional cases, Dr Nagpaul explained in a letter to the British government cited by the BBC that the strategy was “difficult to justify”.

“Obviously the protection will not go away after six weeks, but what we don’t know is what level of protection will be offered,” he told the BBC Breakfast show on Sunday. , claiming to understand “compromise and reasoning, but if it was the right thing to do, we would see other nations follow suit.”

However, there is a difference between the vaccine developed by Pfizer / BioNTech and that of Oxford / AstraZeneca, developed in the United Kingdom. In the case of Pfizer’s vaccine, which is the most widely used in Canada, vaccine efficacy is based on administration of the second dose after only 21 days. It is therefore difficult to know, at this stage, how effective this vaccine remains after the 21-day period has passed, and whether it remains valid after 90 days.

Despite criticism from some specialists in Quebec and elsewhere, Quebec’s chief public health officer, Horacio Arruda, has defended the strategy a few times. “We must understand that we are in a pandemic and that there are people who are currently dying,” said the national director of public health, Horacio Arruda, at a press conference in early January. We believe that protecting as many people as possible in the short term will save lives significantly, “he continued, believing that a single dose” still gives fairly adequate protection. “

For now, the injection of the second dose for those already vaccinated is scheduled for March.

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Fight between passengers and employees of an airline in Detroit because of luggage | The State

In Internet The fight between a group of passengers and Spirit airline personnel at Detroit Airport went viral, which left 2 workers injured and one of them had to be transferred to a hospital.

The incident occurred on flight 646 that would go from Detroit to Atlanta. Before boarding the plane, airline staff instructed passengers to verify the size of their carry-on luggage Before boarding, they considered that it exceeded what was established.

This upset the travelers, who immediately they reacted aggressively against the staff, who began to yell and beat them mercilessly.

Another person who was waiting to board took out his phone and recorded the violent scene that went viral.

“The workers tried to calm the situation, but were physically attacked by these passengers when they closed a door to prevent them from getting on the aircraft. All of us at Spirit wish the officers a speedy recovery and thank them for their courage and professionalism. We also thank law enforcement for responding quickly and arresting those involved in the attack. This violent behavior is completely unacceptable and has no place in airports or any other place of business, ”the airline said in a statement.

It also emerged that the attackers were arrested.



The Link Between Chronic Inflammation and Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a serious health problem and the top cause of cancer deaths in the U.S. each year. Scientists have discovered a few causes for this type of cancer, such as cigarette smoke, but continue to explore other reasons. One factor under investigation is a link between long-term (chronic) inflammation and lung cancer.

What Is Inflammation?

When you get an injury, like a cut to your skin, you may notice that the area gets red and swollen. That’s inflammation, and it’s your body’s normal healing response to an injury. It starts when the damaged tissue releases chemicals. Then, your white blood cells trigger other cells to split and grow to build back tissue and help heal the area.

When the cut is healed up, that’s usually the end of the inflammatory process. This is called acute inflammation.

But there’s another kind: chronic inflammation, which is hidden deep within your body. It can happen even if you’re not hurt, and it doesn’t stop when it should.

Like a scale, your body works to balance between “good” and “bad” inflammation. When this scale tips toward chronic inflammation, it can damage your DNA and, over time, trigger cancer cells. For example, people who have chronic inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are more likely to get colon cancer.

Chronic inflammation affects your whole body, so it’s impossible to pinpoint one specific cause of it. Scientists think ongoing infections, unusual immune reactions to normal tissues, and conditions like obesity may be some possible reasons.

Chronic Inflammation and Lung Cancer

When it comes to lung cancer, experts have homed in on a few things that set off an inflammatory response and raise your chances of getting the disease.

Cigarette smoke

Inhaling cigarette smoke, even if you’re not the one who’s smoking, is thought to spark an inflammatory signal and the creation of cancer cells in your lungs, a process that starts in your genes.

“It’s like lighting a match,” says Stacie Stephenson, DC, CEO of Vibrant Doc and chair of functional medicine at Cancer Treatment Centers of America. “The [cancer-causing] gene is the matchbox, cigarette smoke is the match, and when you put those two together, you cause the fire, which is cancer.”


It doesn’t cause all lung cancers, but experts say cigarette smoking is the top trigger, leading to 80% to 90% of cancer deaths in the U.S.

“Cigarette smoke is kind of a nuclear bomb for the lungs. It does a lot of direct DNA damage and causes a lot of other changes,” says Conor Steuer, MD, an assistant professor of hematology and medical oncology at the Emory University School of Medicine and a lung cancer oncologist at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University.

But there are things you can do to head off that damage and lower your cancer risk. The most important are to stop smoking and to avoid smoke from other people’s cigarettes, pipes, and cigars.

Other inflammation triggers

But what if you don’t smoke and aren’t around anyone who does? Experts say other less common things in the world around us can also stir up chronic inflammation and possibly lead to certain types of cancer:

  • Radon is an invisible radioactive gas released from the normal breakdown of elements in rocks and soil. It’s found in low levels outdoors and higher levels in areas without good airflow, such as mines.

  • Asbestos
    is a group of heat- and corrosion-resistant fibrous minerals used in insulation, fireproofing materials, automotive brakes, and wallboard materials. People who regularly come into contact with asbestos at work are more likely to have lung problems than those who breathe it in at low levels. The federal government now regulates its use.

Researchers are also studying the link between scar tissue, chronic inflammation, and cancer. In infections like tuberculosis, for example, scar tissue can form in the lungs “that continues to have a pro-inflammatory state,” Steuer says.

Medications That May Fight Chronic Inflammation

Certain medications could lower chronic inflammation and your risk of cancer. Scientists have looked at the cancer-fighting effects of anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which ease mild to moderate pain and inflammation, but there are no clear answers yet.

“There’s good inflammation as well as bad, and these drugs weren’t specific enough to target that bad inflammation,” Steuer says.

A recent study of the arthritis medication canakinumab (Ilaris) in people who’ve had heart attacks found a surprising result: It may fight chronic inflammation, lowering your odds of getting lung cancer and dying from the disease. But these are early findings, and research is ongoing.


Chronic Inflammation, Diet, Weight, and Exercise

There’s no direct link between lifestyle factors — like food, weight, and exercise — and chronic inflammation and lung cancer. But experts say these things can raise your overall chances of getting cancer and affect cancer recovery. People who routinely exercise and keep a healthy weight tend to get better faster after surgery and other cancer treatments.

Focus on a diet low in saturated fats, animal protein, processed foods, sugar, and carbs. Stephenson calls these foods a “toxic soup that triggers inflammatory processes,” which could, in turn, prompt the formation of cancer cells.

Instead, boost these foods to balance out the inflammation scale:

  • Fresh fruit and veggies
  • Lean meats like fish
  • Nuts and seeds

Exercise and weight loss, if you carry any extra pounds, are also key to lowering your cancer odds, Stephenson says. “Fat cells are more inflammatory than anti-inflammatory.” It’s not always easy to stick to a healthy diet and regular exercise, but “you have to move your body to help your body. It’s never too late to start reducing those risks, and you feel better doing it.”



Conor Steuer, MD, assistant professor of hematology and medical oncology, Emory University School of Medicine; lung cancer oncologist, Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University.

Stacie Stephenson, DC, certified nutrition specialist; CEO of Vibrant Doc; chair of functional medicine, Cancer Treatment Centers of America.

National Cancer Institute: “Chronic Inflammation,” “Asbestos,” “Radon.”

CDC: “What Can I Do to Reduce My Risk of Lung Cancer?”

MD Anderson Center: “Inflammation and cancer: Why your diet is important.”

© 2021 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.

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Delhi The Buzz

Tenth round of talks between Centre and farmers begins

Vibha Sharma

Tribune News Service

New Delhi, January 20

Though they have already indicated that they “do not expect much” from Wednesday’s talks, farmer unions are expected to raise the issue of the “police repression, including NIA raids, on those associated as well as not associated with the agitation” at the 10th round of talks between the Centre and farmer leaders that began here.

Farmer leaders arrive for the talks at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi on Wednesday. Tribune photo: Manas Ranjan Bhui

According to BJP leaders, if these people “have not done anything wrong they should not be worried about the NIA action”.

Baldev Singh Sirsa, whom the NIA has served summons, is present at Wednesday’s meeting. 

Meanwhile, the issue related to their demand for a law on MSP is expected to be taken up as indicated by some union leaders.

The issues related to the January 26 tractor parade and the repeal of the three laws may also figure at the meeting that started almost 45 minutes later than the scheduled 2 pm.

While farmers’ unions and the government continue to stand firm on their respective stances, in the last meeting they had reaffirmed their commitment to continue with the direct dialogue process. 

Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar has urged protesting farm leaders to have a clause-by-clause discussion on the laws. Union leaders have already said that they do not expect much from Wednesday’s talks. 

Sources said when the unions raised the issue of NIA summons to those related to the agitation, Tomar said he would like to assure them that no “innocent person will suffer”. “Kisi nirdosh vyakti pe karyavaahi nahi hogi,” Tomar was quoted as saying.

The issue related to the arrest of three farmers from Shimla was also raised besides a letter, purportedly written by the Delhi BJP asking party supporters to incite violence on January 26. While the letter, which was widely circulated on social media, has been established as “fake”, officials at the meeting are believed to have produced a complaint in this regard.


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6 Major Differences between Christianity and the American Dream

6. Jesus taught that the poor are blessed.

Slide 6 of 6

In the beatitudes (Matthew 5), Jesus shared that the poor are blessed because they often are richer in faith. Yet we rarely associate the word “blessing” with the word “poor.” In fact, the American Dream has taught us to compliment wealth more than character. You rarely hear, “He lost it all, but he’s blessed. He’s standing firm, and his family is standing with him.”

Instead, we say, “Wow. He’s so blessed. He just got a raise.” Or, “You are so blessed to have such a beautiful house.” Perhaps we, as Christians, should use the word “blessed” more thoughtfully.

Can we really reconcile the American Dream with Jesus’ messages? In Matthew 6:24, Jesus clearly states that we cannot serve both God and money. But the American Dream says we can do both—in fact, that we are entitled to both. From every street corner, computer screen, and radio station blares the same theme: You need this to be happy! You need this to succeed! YOU NEED MORE STUFF!

Our possessions hold us captive, and we soon find ourselves enslaved to the worldly desires of security, comfort, and success.

Jesus calls us to discard our idol of the American Dream, to prevent materialism from hindering our pursuit of God. Let’s not allow our stuff to obstruct God’s work.

Photo Credit: ©Thinkstock

Content for this slideshow came from an article which first appeared in Fusion magazine Spring 2013. Used with permission.

Felicia Alvarez, a graduate of Liberty University, lives in Southern California and loves avocados, sunshine, and serving her Savior. Currently, she teaches dance to over one hundred students and is working on her second book. Connect with Felicia on her blog or on Facebook, she would love to hear from you!


Is There a Link Between Breast Cancer and Chronic Inflammation?


Journal of Clinical Oncology: “Elevated Biomarkers of Inflammation Are Associated With Reduced Survival Among Breast Cancer Patients.”

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health: “Inflammatory Biomarkers and Breast Cancer Risk: A Systematic Review of the Evidence and Future Potential for Intervention Research.”

Current Pharmaceutical Design: “Inflammation Fuels Tumor Progress and Metastasis.”

Cynthia Lynch, MD, medical oncologist, breast cancer program clinical advisor, Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Phoenix, AZ.

Naoto Tada Ueno, MD, PhD, section chief, translational breast cancer research, breast medical oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX.

Oncotarget: “Inflammatory responses and inflammation-associated diseases in organs.”

Tina J. Hieken, MD, surgical oncologist, Mayo Clinic; professor of surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN.

Scientific Reports: “The Microbiome of Aseptically Collected Human Breast Tissue in Benign and Malignant Disease.”

Molecules: “The Microbiome and Its Implications in Cancer Immunotherapy.”

The Center for Ecogenetics and Environmental Health, University of Washington: “Fast Facts About the Human Microbiome.”

Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Fecal Transplantation (Bacteriotherapy).”

News Release, Australian Science Media Centre Inc.

National Center for Biotechnology Information: “StatPearls: Chronic Inflammation.”

Mayo Clinic: “How much should the average adult exercise every day?”

American Cancer Society: “Alcohol Use and Cancer.”

PLOS ONE: “The association between cigarette smoking and inflammation: The Genetic Epidemiology Network of Arteriopathy (GENOA) study.”

Scripps Health: “Six Keys to Reducing Inflammation.”

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Keystone pipeline, the first bone of contention between Trudeau and Biden

After four complicated years with Donald Trump, Justin Trudeau is eager to start afresh with Joe Biden. But the willingness given to the new US president to block the construction of an oil pipeline between the two countries upon his arrival at the White House on Wednesday, could complicate the task.

“It’s not the best way to start a relationship,” notes analyst Tim Powers.

The Canadian Prime Minister had congratulated himself on being the first leader to speak on the phone with Mr. Biden soon after his election in November 2020. Some of the opposition is already pushing him to use this relationship to pressure the news administration, while Ottawa on Monday reaffirmed its support for the project.

“As long as the Canadian government has said it will strongly support the Keystone XL pipeline, having a US administration suggesting it is going to be abandoned does not help,” Powers told AFP.

According to several Canadian media, Joe Biden plans to block this controversial pipeline project launched in 2008 – already canceled by Barack Obama for environmental reasons, put back on track by Donald Trump for economic reasons – from the day he takes office Wednesday.

The project of the Canadian group TC Energy, of some 8 billion American dollars (6.6 billion euros), should make it possible to transport from 2023 more than 800,000 barrels of oil per day between the Canadian province of Alberta and the American refineries of the Gulf of Mexico.

But it is criticized by environmentalists because of its impact on greenhouse gas emissions. On Sunday, TC Energy pledged to use only renewable energy to operate the pipeline, hoping to change the mind of the new US administration.

The decision attributed to Mr. Biden to rescind it “puts sticks in the wheels of the Canada-US relationship,” said Ryan Katz-Rosene, professor of politics at the University of Ottawa.

But it could also “make things a little more difficult for Mr. Trudeau at the national level,” he said.

As snap elections loom in 2021 for the Liberal Prime Minister’s minority government, Trudeau finds himself torn between his environmental commitments and opposition pressure to defend an oil sector in crisis , especially since the coronavirus pandemic.

Opposition from environmentalists

“On the Canadian side, we are talking about 100 billion dollars (65 billion euros) in exports each year,” said Jason Kenney, the Premier of Alberta, which concentrates most of the country’s oil reserves on Monday. , Canada’s main export product.

The country has the third proven reserves in the world, mostly contained in the western oil sands whose mining is criticized for its government impact. This is one of the reasons why Team Biden is opposed to this project.

For Mr. Kenney, whose government is funding the project to the tune of more than $ 1 billion, its cancellation would destroy jobs on both sides of the border, weaken relations between the two countries, and make the United States more dependent. of OPEC production.

Justin Trudeau is committed to completing Keystone XL and other pipelines to get Canadian oil to other markets and get a better price.

If the project is abandoned, the oil-rich provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan (center), already hit by falling oil prices, will pay a heavy price and this will have “wider economic repercussions” for the future. Canada, says Powers.

Conservative (opposition) leader Erin O’Toole estimated that such a decision would “devastate thousands of Canadian families already hard hit by the economic crisis” and called on Mr. Trudeau to “communicate immediately with the new American administration to prevent that from happening ”.

The news was nevertheless well received by the New Democratic Party (NDP, left) and by the Greens, whose leader Annamie Paul sees it as “the chance of a lifetime” to carry out joint actions with Mr. Biden, who said “Very clearly that the climate will be at the top of his agenda”.

Natural Resources Minister Seamus O’Regan has defended the continuation of the project: Canadian oil will create “thousands” of jobs “for workers on both sides of the border.”

Headline USA

Vaccines, between reasonable doubts and delirium | The State

Doubts about the new are reasonable, as is the uncertainty in the face of conflicting experiences. Not so the construction of conspiracy theories that unite lies and half-truths with fear. Explosive mix.

Without being a scientist or a doctor, my first reaction to discoveries and proposals is open-minded: listen, analyze the origin and weigh the pros and cons.

The ways of science have always been difficult. Great minds in history were persecuted – and some were burned – for spreading their findings. Today, fortunately, light precedes darkness, although we are faced with another dilemma: misinformation.

For example, vaccination against Covid-19 has unleashed all kinds of speculations, some based on the isolated facts, that every similar process entails, and others completely delusional.

After the publication on of a guide with 24 fake news about vaccines, signed by doctors and experts, some say that I have joined the “globalist agenda to reduce the world population”. I’d laugh if it wasn’t something so serious.

They are the ones who insist that Covid-19 does not exist, that it is a plan of certain elites to dominate the world. The same deniers who describe the severe snowfall that recently affected Spain as “false”, because, in their opinion, it is “plastic” thrown from the sky (it is not known by whom) “to deceive us.” I’m not exaggerating. The news is in the newspapers.

What sources do they draw from? None worth saving. Faced with the proven knowledge of prestigious institutions, the same ones that have saved us from diseases and have increased life expectancy around the world, a group of “truth doctors” is cited, whose ideas have not been validated by any publication would.

Of course, if someone considers that the whole world is conspiring to affect them, take away their rights and impose a universal dictatorship, that fear will lead to permanent unhappiness. Of course, there are dangers out there, but be careful not to believe in “WhatsApp experts”, because we will end up doubting even our own shadow.

The issue is serious. Today we see eradicated diseases return, including measles, polio, diphtheria, rubella and smallpox, due to the stubbornness of anti-vaccine groups. It is worth commenting and differing. You have the power of choice in almost everything that happens to you.
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Many Don’t See Link Between Racism, Health Outcomes

By Robert Preidt
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Jan. 14, 2021 (HealthDay News) — Many Americans most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic don’t believe that racism is associated with poorer health, a nationwide poll shows.

The ongoing poll of more than 4,000 lower- and middle-income Americans focuses on communities of color.

“It really struck us that — despite the virus’s spread across the country to all types of communities — there’s not a consensus view on the effects of systemic racism,” said lead author Katherine Grace Carman, a senior economist at RAND Corporation. RAND is conducting the poll, with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

“Respondents see the impact of low incomes and living in a rural community on a person’s health, but race isn’t viewed with the same gravity,” she said in a Robert Wood Johnson news release.Just over 42% of respondents say systemic racism is one of the main reasons people of color have poorer health. About one-third disagree, and about a quarter are neutral.

Black respondents are much more likely (69.4%) than white ones (33.2%) to believe that systemic racism affects the health of people of color, according to the poll.

Overall, pollsters found a slight increase in respondents’ willingness to risk their own health to return to pre-pandemic “normal.” But respondents who are Black or Hispanic are more likely (68.5%) to be cautious about taking health risks to move about freely than white respondents (53.4%).

More than 70% of respondents see the pandemic as a moment for positive change, such as expanding access to health care and reducing income inequality. Rates are slightly higher among respondents who are Black or Hispanic (72.5%) than among whites (69.3%).

Nearly two-thirds of respondents say the government should ensure health care as a fundamental right, but white respondents are less likely (60.4%) than all other races/ethnicities (74.1%) to support this.

More than two-thirds (68%) of Black respondents say they have lower trust in government, compared with 53.6% of Hispanics and 52.4% of whites.


The poll is following the same 4,000 people over time, and these findings were the second of four expected reports. The next one is due out in spring 2021.

Carman said political leaders need to understand that much more must be done to educate people about the root causes of inequities and then to ensure better health for all.

Brian Quinn, associate vice president of the Research-Evaluation-Learning unit at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, offered a similar view.

“We share the respondents’ demand for better access to health care and also advocate for policies that can help from an economic point of view, such as safe and affordable housing, access to healthy food, and access to jobs that pay a living wage,” he said in the release.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on COVID-19.

SOURCE: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, news release, Jan. 13, 2021

WebMD News from HealthDay

Copyright © 2013-2020 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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Efficacy of vaccines beyond 42 days between doses unknown

There is not enough data to know the effectiveness of the vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna if the 2nd dose is given beyond 42 days after the first, the public health of Canada said Thursday.

• Read also: Quebec ready to wait up to 90 days for the 2nd dose

• Read also: 2,132 new cases and 64 deaths in Quebec

• Read also: All developments in the COVID-19 pandemic

If Quebec waits up to 90 days before administering second dosesThe provincial health authorities will therefore need to closely monitor the impact and collect data on it.

This is what Canada’s Deputy Chief Public Health Officer, Dr. Howard Njoo, said in a briefing Thursday.

“In terms of effectiveness with the interval between the two doses, we have enough data to say that yes, it is effective if we have an interval of up to 42 days. After 42 days, we don’t know, ”he said.

However, he acknowledged that the stakes are real in terms of the variable flow of doses of COVID-19 vaccines arriving in Canada and that he understands that Quebec must make difficult choices.

A joint statement released Thursday by the chief medical officers of the provinces and the federal government underlines the obligation of the provinces to document the effects that come with the choice to stretch beyond 42 days the time between the two doses.

“When deemed necessary for a program to increase the interval between doses beyond 42 days, based on specific epidemiological data and their impact, this program should closely monitor the observed effects and share the results regularly, which will be added to the ever-expanding evidence base ”, we can read.

According to Dr. Njoo, Quebec’s national director of public health, Horacio Arruda, endorsed the joint statement.

The Pfizer vaccine is designed so that 21 days between the administration of the first and second dose. Moderna’s plan is 28 days apart.

However, with the unstable flow of first deliveries, Quebec chose to postpone the administration of the second dose in order to distribute a first dose to as many people as possible.

Given the supply issues, the National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) agreed that it was possible to delay the administration of the 2nd dose for up to 42 days. However, François Legault’s government announced Thursday that it will allow a wait of up to 90 days.

In their joint statement, Chief Medical Officers across Canada say they support NACI’s recommendations. “The flexibility afforded by reasonable stretching of the dose interval up to 42 days, depending on operational needs, and the increased predictability of vaccine dose supply, supports our public health goal of protect high-risk groups as quickly as possible, ”he wrote.

Note that the number of doses arriving in Canada will increase significantly as of April. Major General Dany Fortin, responsible for logistics for the federal government, indicated that it will be around one million doses that will be sent per week.