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With the Samsung Galaxy S21, it’s time for Bixby to put up or shut up

Today, Samsung will unveil the Galaxy S21, Galaxy S21 Plus, and Galaxy S21 Ultra (I’ll take the Zune-inspired brown one thanks). It’s happening a couple months earlier than usual for the S line of phones, but otherwise the script will remain the same.

Here’s the script. Samsung will be the first major Android maker out of the gate with Qualcomm’s newest chips, this time with the Snapdragon 888. Samsung will use its unseemingly immense marketing budget and longstanding carrier relationships to ensure it will be seen as the default option if you want a premium Android phone — especially if you are making that purchase in a US carrier store.

Other parts of the script are not necessarily guaranteed but are safe bets. They will probably be excellent phones, well-balanced and capable. Samsung will make big camera claims that will require rigorous testing to verify. And of course the ever-swinging pendulum of Samsung’s OneUI software will continue its current arc towards being overloaded.

That last part of the script has me thinking about one of the major recurring characters in it: Bixby. Samsung’s digital assistant launched in 2017 with the Galaxy S8. It was yet another digital assistant, but as Dan Seifert wrote at the time it had a very clear and very good remit that helped to distinguish it from Alexa, Siri, and Google. Samsung wasn’t trying to turn Bixby into a general-purpose, know-and-do-everything assistant. It had focus:

Samsung knows it can’t compete with Google, Microsoft, Amazon, and others when it comes to raw machine learning power and putting vast amounts of information at your fingertips, so it’s using Bixby to solve a simpler task, one that those companies have largely ignored. Bixby isn’t going to try to be the everything-assistant. Instead, it will be that “bright sidekick” that complements those other services. It’s a new user interface, not a new way to ask how tall the Eiffel Tower is.

Bixby was to be an interface, not an assistant. Was that really a viable strategy? Who knows! Certainly not Samsung, which very quickly did what Samsung tends to do with software: give in to feature creep. Over the last few years, Bixby has turned into the thing it originally was designed not to be: a worse version of the Google Assistant.

Samsung tried to push Bixby. It created a dedicated button for it. It later dropped that button but assigned it to a long press of the power button. It built out Bixby routines (which was related to Bixby’s original purpose). But then it associated Bixby with a chum-feed of content that lived left-of-homescreen. And it announced independent smart Bixby speakers that never really shipped.

On The Vergecast we have a running joke that Bixby is a dog that wears shoes and is also a butler. It’s well-meaning and eager to please, but ultimately stumbles around a lot and doesn’t do a very good job serving drinks or answering the door because it is a dog, wearing shoes.

Speaking of shoes, put yourself in Samsung’s. Why does it continue to develop Bixby? I can only think of two reasons, one good and one bad.

The good reason: a hedge against Google and Android. It’s always possible Google might do something egregious and Samsung would want to bail and do without Google’s services (or even Android itself). It’s not a terrible idea to have your own digital assistant percolating just in case. If nothing else, it might serve as a signal to Google that Samsung is, in fact, willing to just walk away and do Tizen and Bixby in certain negotiations.

That’s the good reason — or at least as close to a good reason as I can come up with — but I don’t know if it’s the real reason. I suspect the real reason is one and the same as the bad reason: Samsung is still, after all these years and after all its successes, trying to be Apple.

Being Apple is shorthand for having an end-to-end ecosystem where your users live and breathe your services and are thereby locked into your products. If you’re going to have an holistic, all-encompassing ecosystem you need to cover all the bases, and so: Bixby.

And also: your own fitness service. And your own health app and ecosystem of connections. Your own family of Bluetooth headphones. Your own tracker tag (before Apple even announces its tracker tag). Your own tablets. Your own music service. Your own news service. And so on.

All of these are things that Samsung has either tried or is actively trying to do now. Some of them are really successful! Samsung’s Galaxy Buds line will today consist of three different variants of earbuds, each with its own clear reason for being and each quite good (presuming the new Galaxy Buds Pro don’t whiff).

Samsung has always had aspirations to build up a whole world (or, er, Galaxy) for its users to live in, just like Apple. What’s frustrating is that Samsung is very good at so many things and if it would just lean a little more into those things, it could chart a more innovative and interesting path.

Take Samsung DeX, for just one example. It’s the thing that allows you to connect your phone to a bigger screen like a TV or a monitor and get a full desktop interface. It’s genuinely cool but, I suspect, more of a tech demo than an oft-used feature. But the Snapdragon 888 that will be in these S21 phones will in many ways be just as powerful as the chips that are going to be running Arm-based Windows laptops this year.

There’s untapped potential with DeX that Apple couldn’t match for years if Samsung could figure it out. Instead, it’s putting effort into getting Tile-esque tracking tags out the door before Apple can.

If Samsung would focus a little more on where it’s already ahead and a little less on where it’s woefully behind, it would make much more exciting products.

That’s why I’m calling it: I’ve had it with Bixby. If Samsung can’t either bring it up to snuff with Siri (a low bar!) or find a way to bring it back to its more focused roots, it’s time to send it to the farm. Or at least give users the option to remap the power button to the Google Assistant (without needing third-party hacks).

There is a tiny glimmer of hope. Jimmy is Promo’s leak of the new version of Samsung’s OneUI version of Android shows that users will be able to choose between the Google feed or Samsung Free feed on their home screens.

Samsung’s user interface on top of Android has swung like a pendulum between two poles. It becomes overloaded with features and weird UI for a few years, then the pendulum hovers there at the end of its arc before swinging back to a cleaner, simpler UI. It’s time for the pendulum to swing back. And that means it’s time to let Bixby go.

The last of CES

Are all of these technically CES announcements or are some of them merely CES-adjacent? When CES is all virtual is it an event where things happen or merely a mood, a state of mind? Am I using jokes about philosophical quandaries as a smoke screen to cover up my inability to determine whether or not these things technically are a part of CES or not?

Sometimes questions don’t have answers. All we can really know in this world is that laser projectors are still really cool.

Asus’ latte dispenses movies instead of coffee and milk. I have an Anker/Nebula version of one of these mini projector/speaker things and it’s one of the best things I throw in my suitcase when I travel (er, when I traveled). You really do need a dark room for it to be any good, but you’d be surprised how much more convenient it is to just plug an HDMI cable into the projector you’ve got than it is dealing with whatever TV might be at the hotel or Airbnb. I might be interested in switching to this, as the Nebula’s version of Android TV is old, buggy, and poorly supported.

LG’s latest 4K laser projector supports AirPlay 2 for $2,999.

LG’s new batch of gaming monitors includes 4K / 144Hz panel with HDMI 2.1.

But wait, Asus has even more gaming monitors equipped with HDMI 2.1 ports.

Asus’ new Chromebook CX9 offers military-grade durability.

Asus’ 2021 laptop line includes two new dual-screen ZenBooks. A new member joins the Keyboard In The Front club!

If you’re new to the ZenBook Duo line, the laptops have a primary screen (the regular one) as well as a secondary screen (the ScreenPad Plus) that’s built into the top half of the keyboard deck. It’s not really big enough to do anything on, but you can load your distractions (Twitter, Discord, etc.) onto it to keep them out of your main workspace. Some programs, including Adobe’s, also offer ScreenPad-specific interfaces.

MSI’s 2021 gaming laptops get Nvidia’s RTX 3000 series mobile graphics cards and Wi-Fi 6E support. Monica Chin

MSI has introduced its early 2021 lineup of portable gaming laptops during CES on Wednesday. The big news is that all the new releases have been outfitted with Nvidia’s brand-new GeForce RTX 3000 series graphics cards. In addition to improved frame rates and ray tracing, these chips will deliver Nvidia’s latest features, including its resizable BAR technology. They’re also getting support for Wi-Fi 6E.

MSI’s new Creator 15 comes with RTX 3000 graphics. Monica Chin

The Creator 15 is just the latest of the dump of gaming- and creator-focused laptops to adopt Nvidia’s new RTX 3000 graphics, following their release at CES 2021. These laptops will use the third generation of Nvidia’s Max-Q design, which is engineered for thin gaming and content laptops. The new GPUs also include a new Dynamic Boost 2.0 technology that leverages AI to balance power between CPU, GPU, and GPU memory in real time.

MSI’s new GE76 Raider Dragon Edition Tiamat is a tribute to an ancient goddess. 10-year-old me playing 1st Edition Dungeons & Dragons would have lost it if he knew someday there’d be a Tiamat-themed gaming laptop.

The best tech of CES 2020: Where are they now?

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Chill imbibes: inside the booming business of relaxation drinks. Great feature from Liz Lopatto. I’ve been seeing ads for these drinks everywhere and wondering what the deal really was. Here’s the answer.

Apple’s first major racial equity investments include a Detroit developer center and HBCU tech hub.

Intel is replacing its CEO next month.

Ring adds end-to-end encryption to protect your video streams.

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Nvidia and AMD address the great GPU shortage.

Tech News

Samsung’s R&D First Employee in India Explains How It Evolved

Samsung is a well-known name in India, but not many know that it has also been running research and development operations in the country. The company even has it largest mobile factory in the world operating in India since July 2018. Its R&D division in India is also equally well established. This work takes place under the leadership of Dipesh Shah, Managing Director of the Samsung R&D Institute India-Bangalore (SRI-B).

Shah started his journey at Samsung back in 1996. He joined the company as its first R&D employee in India. The 50-year-old engineer initially worked on solutions including a telephone switching software that helped enterprises build call centres by connecting their PCs with a Private Branch Exchange (PBX), and today the R&D centre has been involved in the development of products like Samsung’s AI assistant Bixby, with which it hopes to take on Alexa and Siri.

Over time, Shah along with other engineers and researchers have built the SRI-B as a key source for Samsung to develop newer artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), Internet of Things (IoT), and 5G experiences.

The R&D centre, which was established as a small office in February 2016 and is currently spreading across the area of over six lakh square feet, has also been the centre for bringing products including the Curd Maestro that helps you incubate the curd in your refrigerator. It’s also the place that helps Samsung upgrade voice intelligence on Bixby and make it a compelling assistant against the likes of Amazon Alexa, Google Assistant, and Apple’s Siri.

Samsung’s R&D centre in Bengaluru has been a place for various advancements
Photo Credit: Samsung India


“As we stand here after 25 years, we think the next five years will be even more exciting because there’s a lot of things going to happen in India,” Shah told Gadgets 360 over a phone call. “Consumer lifestyles are changing, new tech trends, new infrastructure, AI-ML, cloud, and 5G are coming to our country soon. So we’re calling this phase ‘Powering Digital India’ by refreshing our R&D.”

The Bengaluru R&D centre by Samsung is among its 30 R&D centres globally, but it is particularly aimed at developing solutions for four areas, namely wireless communication, image processing, AI in vision, voice, and text related technologies, and IoT.

Shah talked with Gadgets 360 for over half-an-hour to detail Samsung’s expansion in the last 25 years and his experience being the first R&D employee in the country. These are edited excerpts from the conversation.

How has Samsung evolved its R&D efforts in India in the last 25 years?
If I look back into the memory lane, there are four distinct phases of our software-based R&D in India. The first phase was between 1996 and 2000, when we hired talented Indian engineers and made them led by global project or technical leads sitting in South Korea. We were also very aptly helped by the local service ecosystem, our key partners at that time helped us scale our projects quickly at a global level. Then came a phase between 2000 and 2012, which we call the solution-oriented R&D phase. It was the time when many of the world’s first solutions were developed out of Bengaluru. For instance, Samsung developed the voice-over-LTE technology out of Bengaluru that Jio deployed on its network. We also started doing some R&D in mobile space in Bengaluru back in 2000. Then came a phase that we called the rebuilding phase. It came between 2012 and 2015. During those three years, we converted from the team that was called Samsung India software operations to a full-fledged research centre. It emerged as Samsung Research India, Bangalore in 2012. From 2015 onwards, for the last five years since I have been leading the centre, we call it the advanced R&D centre phase, where we have built a centre of excellence for wireless communication, image processing, AI, and IoT.

What value addition India has brought to Samsung in its journey so far?
I can humbly say India has played a very significant role in Samsung’s R&D prowess. That’s also the reason why the company has the SRI-B as its largest software R&D centre in the country. If you pick any Galaxy smartphone and look at the camera, there are so many image processing technologies that have been contributed from the Bengaluru centre. The speech recognition in English on Bixby has also been developed out of Bengaluru. A significant portion of Samsung’s SmartThings app has also been built locally.

Patent filing has been a trend at Samsung’s R&D centres. Is it just to grow the company’s presence in the world of design and innovation or is it to help researchers protect intellectual property rights of their developments?
We have about over 3,000 patents filed only by our Indian engineers between three R&D centres. So there is a rhythm that you need to establish in the company for intellectual property creation. It’s not similar to a software development lifecycle. You need a separate process of inciting ideation and filtering intersections. It’s more of a research capability that we need to strengthen patent cultures. And not only established companies but even students should start looking at intellectual property as a focus even while they are in college. That’s where we are doing our part of the next journey.

Is the process of filing patents in India challenging over global markets?
I’ve never heard any escalation in any processes getting delayed. So, it looks well-oiled. You just need the right set of people and talent in the company who understands and takes you through the process.

Which are some of the most notable patents that have been filed by Samsung’s researchers in India?
There are lots of them. But some patents are so close to my heart. One was associated with our mobile tracker technology way back in 1996. If you lost your mobile phone and someone took that and exchanged the SIM card, the technology triggered the system to send an auto-generated SMS message to your registered number, saying your mobile phone is currently used by this particular SIM card. That helped track several mobile phones in the country. Most recently, if you go into the gallery of your Samsung phone, we automatically organise pictures. This helps you show all the faces from your photos when you search by people. That technology has also been patented from the Bengaluru team. There are also several patents on battery life, voice-over-LTE, and wireless communications.

What’s making India a go-to place for companies including Samsung to build new AI and ML systems?
I am very confident about India’s excellence in AI and ML for four reasons. One is it is fundamentally math and Indian engineers have been quite good in mathematics. Second is the requirement of a right amount of data to train your machine learning models. You’ll get suitable data in the country to train your AI models if you’re working in the right company and have the right processes in place. Third is the fact that a lot of AI is open source that means whether you are sitting in the Silicon Valley or in Bengaluru, you’ll have equal access in terms of model and information technology. The fourth point is having focus of big companies to grow their AI capabilities in India.

I’ve seen many big-wigs moving from one company to another in a couple of years. What made you stick to Samsung for 25 years?
One word is excitement because in the same company I was able to experience multiple things. I think it’s the initial experience that bound me to Samsung forever. The first time when I went to South Korea, I had only two years of experience in India. In the first three months, I wrote our device driver software. A French company had also delivered a driver software with its own chip. But somehow my software worked better with that chip and my boss trusted it and chose that over the one developed by the French company. That trust at the two-year experience says a lot. We also run a rescaling programme for all our engineers to let them learn computer science from the basics. So the focus on talent development and investment in talent development are the reasons which kept me here and may continue to be for the next few years.

What are the key development that are currently taking place at the Bengaluru R&D centre?
If you break down AI, you’ll get a vision AI and a speech technology. The vision AI means to help you understand the world around you using your camera — not just capturing it. That’s the vision technology we are working on. The other development is to let you utilise full capability of your phone. The current constraint is the user interface. It is hierarchical, menu-based, you have to go three to four levels deep inside to access some features. So voice interface into the phone will break that user interface menu hierarchy. We also have a Galaxy Intelligence. It’s already allowing you to seamlessly enter one-time password (OTP) from the keyboard area, without accessing the SMS application. Our focus area in the future will move towards creating new experiences where multiple devices will talk to each other to make your life more automated and easier so that you can focus more on creative stuff.

What will be the most exciting tech launch of 2021? We discussed this on Orbital, our weekly technology podcast, which you can subscribe to via Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, or RSS, download the episode, or just hit the play button below.

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