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5 Ways To Lose Weight By Drinking Water, Backed By Science | The State

We all want lose weight as quickly and effectively as possible, that is why we resort to all kinds of recommendations, trends and subsistence allowance. While following a Lifestyle and healthy nutrition is key, on many occasions we overlook the simplest. Such is the case of the simple fact of: drinking water.

It is true that drink more water may not look like a helpful way to lose weight, however it is important to know that there is very relevant scientific evidence which suggests that it can make a big difference. In such a way that drink enough water is an important part of everything nutritional regimen focused on losing weight: provides satiety and stimulates metabolism. Among the references that attract the most attention is, a review that was done in 2013 to diverse studies about people who dieted to lose or maintain weight. The scientists observed that increased water consumption helped participants to lose weight. Based on this, we undertook the task of compiling the 5 main reasons by which drinking water can be the best ally for blose weight and gain health.

1. Drinking water brings satiety

One of the best recommendations for eat less and control cravings when we are in a nutritional regimen, is drink a glass of water before each main meal. According, orn small study of 2018 found that when participants they drank water before eating, they ate less than they normally would. The researchers suggested that the simple habit of drink water before every meal It can be a effective method to control body weight. At the same time they associate these benefits with a simple reason, the water passes through the body quickly and helps to fill the stomach to a certain extent and this tells the brain what is full and what you don’t need to eat too much. Another point that attracts the most attention is that, often when we are slightly dehydrated, the brain often mistakes it for hunger. Therefore a great recommendation It is before any attack of hunger, first drink a large glass of fresh water, even if you do not believe it drink water can curb cravings of food and beverages with starch, salty, sugary, smoked, liqueurs and soft drinks, which are harmful to health and cause weight gain.

2. Drinking water helps burn body fat

Natural way the body burns fat and turns it into energy, through a process called lipolysis in which of course, water is essential; to make it even clearer the lipolysis is the body’s way of break down fat. The first step in this process it’s called hydrolysis, which is a process in which the body add water to fat to help break it down. According a research work of the year 2016, increasing water intake causes a increased lipolysis and therefore speeds up metabolism. Thus drink enough water is key to forget about those “Llantitas” and “Bulging belly”.

3. Drinking water speeds up metabolism

There are various studies and research that endorse the benefits of drink cold water for speed up metabolism and it is true. By drinking cold water the body works a little more to try to warm up, which results in a higher calorie burn and this mechanism is popularly known as thermogenesis. In fact it has A study that supports it, in which the scientists observed the effects of drinking 500 ml of water 30 minutes before breakfast, lunch and dinner in 50 overweight girls for eight weeks. The results were surprising as they noticed that the participants lost weight and reduced BMI without making any other changes to your lifestyle or diet.

4. Drinking water promotes waste elimination

It is well known that without the water, the body cannot optimally perform the waste disposal process. In such a way that not drinking enough water may be one of the main causes of overweight, therefore it is very likely that constipation and the waste is not evacuated as often as it should be. When the wastes, fats, salts, liquids and toxins, are stored in the body, are derived in increased swelling, little lightness and weight gain. Therefore drinking water is key to fight constipation and inflammation, thus benefits weight loss.

5. Drinking water helps you consume fewer calories

One of the worst habits of today’s society is a high consumption of sugary drinks, as is the case with The drinks that are distinguished by their zero nutritional contribution and high caloric value. Additionally this type of processed drinks that come in the form of juices, teas and coffees, are the enemy of good health and of course the body weight. The best thing you can do to lose weight effectively and safely, is to replace this type of drink with water Contains zero calories and countless benefits! It has A study carried out in 2015, in which scientists studied the effect of obese women with the simple fact of replace diet drinks with natural water. After 24 weeks, women who only drank water experienced a greater weight loss and they felt lighter and motivated.

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Headline USA

7 reasons backed by science to eat more pineapple in 2021 | The State

If you usually forget about pineapple like a delicious and very healthy fruit alternative, after reading this everything will change. And is that the pineapple is much more than the basic ingredient of a classic summer pina colada, it is a tropical fruit that is a true nutritional treasure and best of all lies in its immense versatility, pineapple adapts to all kinds of food; it can be eaten cool and frozen.

The truth is pineapple needs no introduction, her exotic personality does her own justice with her long list of benefits nutritional and therapeutic. The pineapple is characterized by being one of the juicier fruits that exist, at the same time is the carrier of a special sour-sweet flavor and shines for its unmatched content in antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. He scientific name pineapple is Ananas comosus and it is named for its similarity with pine cones, although the term “ananás” derives from the Tupi language of Brazil, where it is called nanás what does it mean “Delicious fruit” or “fruit flower”.

Pineapple is one of the better addI know what we can do in the daily diet and although it usually goes a little unnoticed, probably because of showy of its presentation: pineapple is the perfect food to lose weight and gain health, it is very low in calories and grease, very rich in fiber, water, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. The truth is that many people avoid pineapple consumption for his sugar contentHowever, it is time to break with that belief. Pineapple like all fruit is rich in carbohydrates and natural sugars, which benefit the functioning of the body and fill it with quality energy. If you still doubt it, these are just some of the powerful reasons to make it a basic in all balanced diet focused on losing weight.

7 reasons to eat more pineapple:

1. Improves digestion

Pineapple is popularly known for its benefits to improve digestive health and the reason is simple, it contains a single enzyme call bromelain what does gastrointestinal miracles. Your fiber content that together with bromelain, unite their properties to promote a healthy digestive system. For its part, fiber helps speed up intestinal transit, while bromelain is key to reduce any inflammation inside the stomach lining. In fact it has A study conducted by researchers from the Duke university, in which they treated mice that suffered from colitis with active bromelain enzymes, and reported that long-term use resulted in a decreased inflammation throughout the colon.

2. Against arthritis

The bromelain is a too powerful substance, which is popularly known for its benefits for reduce inflammation and recently there are references that also endorse its qualities for fight pain associated with chronic inflammatory conditions as is the specific case of rheumatoid arthritis. In a 2004 study published in Clinical Rheumatologand, patients taking a oral supplement with bromelain reported less arthritis pain after six weeks, compared to a group taking prescribed medications.

3. Increases serotonin levels

Integrate pineapple consumption into daily diet can make the brain and body feel better, it all relates to its richness in organic compounds that benefit physical and mental health. Pineapple is rich in tryptophan, it is well known that it is one of the fundamental amino acids in the production of one of the major neurotransmitters that improve mood: serotonin. It is worth mentioning that low serotonin levels play a direct role in many mental health disorders, as depression and anxiety. Some studies suggest that the tryptophan supplementation can be an effective treatment for depression compared to use of antidepressants, in such a way that the pineapple can improve mood. Remember that it is always essential to have the proper medical evaluation.

4. Improves the health of your bones and joints

The fresh pineapple stands out for its high manganese content, a basic mineral for prevent bone loss in patients with osteoporosis. It also has various references that support the benefits of the systematic consumption of manganese, to reduce the pain in patients with osteoarthritis when combined with other supplements. According A study, published in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage showed an improvement in symptoms in patients who received a combination of glucosamine, chondroitin and manganese versus a placebo group. On the other hand it has another study, published in Annals of the Academy of Medicine in which a link was found between manganese and bone loss spinal in menopausal women with osteoporosis.

5. Relieves pain, promotes recovery

It has very valuable references as is the case of National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, who conducted research in both humans and animals shows about the properties of the topical application of bromelain (the wonderful enzyme in pineapple) can be helpful in assist in the skin’s healing process before various burns. There is also research, as is the case with this 2016 study published by Biomedical Reports which suggests that bromelain, it can be really therapeutic for soft tissue injuries, in particular muscle pain after exercise and also in bruises.

6. Strengthens the immune system

One of the great benefits of the pineapple composition, is related to your unmatched supply of vitamin C: a cup of fresh pineapple covers the 131% of daily needs. In such a way that including its consumption in the daily diet will only bring health benefits, increases immunity and protects us against the attack of Virus and bacteria that cause diseases and infections. Vitamin C not only plays a key role in immune health, it is essential for the skin, since intervenes in the production of collagen; the protein responsible for health and elasticity in skin, muscles and joints.

7. Powerful antioxidants

The pineapple is considered one of the foods with the highest antioxidant content, Specially in flavonoids. These are important compounds that are associated with reducing the impact of various chronic conditions, what deteriorate health and that are also related to age; which can be from asthma, diabetes, hypertension, even all kinds of heart diseases. According A study published in British Journal of Nutrition, flavonoids suppress inflammation of the central nervous system. It also has another reference of the year 2013 published in Journal of Nutrition and Biochemistry, which endorses the benefits of flavonoids to stabilize the blood glucose levels and reducing the insulin resistance.

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Sports UK

Arsenal transfer round-up: Paul Pogba move backed, Gunners make Isco decision

Arsenal manager Mikel Arteta is continuing to overhaul his squad as he continues to fire the Gunners up the Premier League table.

The Gunners are now within touching distance of the Europa League qualification spots after three consecutive wins over West Brom, Chelsea and Brighton.

Sead Kolasnic has already been moved on, joining Bundesliga side Schalke on loan, and Arteta more than hinting others will follow the Bosnian through the exit door this month.

But the need for reinforcements, and departures, is clear as the Spaniard seeks to stamp his vision on the team now the January transfer window has begun.

Here’s the latest Arsenal transfer news.

Pogba move backed by Wright

Could Paul Pogba join Arsenal?

Ian Wright “would love” Paul Pogba to play for Arsenal as he continues to be linked with a Manchester United exit.

Mirror Sport understands that the club will sanction Pogba’s exit in the summer after accepting he would not sign a new deal.

And Wright admits he would love a player of his ilk in north London as he waxed lyrical about his performance against Villa.

“Yes [Pogba is back to his best] he is and you know, with all the stuff that’s happened with him he’s getting it right on the pitch,” he said.

“He was everywhere. He was in his own box, he was up there in their box, he was doing everything today.

“That’s what he can do with his creativity. you give him this much time when you have willing runners like Marcus Rashford….that is just fantastic.

“A super, super pass. I’d love to have someone like that.”

Gunners make Isco decision

Real Madrid star Isco has been linked with Arsenal

Arsenal have reportedly decided against making a move for Real Madrid playmaker Isco.

That is because they have been impressed by the recent form of young Emile Smith Rowe.

The 20-year-old has highly impressed in recent weeks after being given a run of games, starting in all three of Arsenal’s recent wins.

Arteta was believed to be a big supporter of Isco and would have loved to snap up the 28-year-old if he became available, but AS claim that he now thinks that would be an unnecessary move following the emergence of Smith Rowe.

Sevilla star speaks out amid rumours

The combative midfielder is a key part of Sevilla's team
Combative midfielder Joan Jordan is a key part of Sevilla’s team

Sevilla midfielder Joan Jordan has spoken out amid rumours that he is being targeted by Arsenal this month.

The Gunners are believed to be willing to meet Sevilla’s £32million asking price, meaning a move could be on the cards.

But Jordan insists he is focused on life in Spain and La Liga.

He said: “In the end, these are just things that come out [transfer talk], like the many things that were said, the rumours, when I was at Eibar.

“I have always been very clear about the present…the future does not feed me, it takes away from me and does not give me the energy I need.”

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California Headline USA Ohio Politics

Sen. Josh Hawley will join Trump-backed effort and object to Electoral College count

Republican Sen. Josh Hawley announced Wednesday he would join GOP House members and object to Electoral College vote counts when Congress meets January 6 to finalize President-elect Joe Biden’s win. 

President Donald Trump has been pressuring GOP senators to join the effort, which could delay announcing the final result for hours. ‘JANUARY SIXTH, SEE YOU IN DC!’ he tweeted to supporters Wednesday after Hawley’s announcement, as he’s called on them to rally as Congress meets.

Hawley said in a statement that he believed states, pointing a finger at Pennsylvania, failed to follow their own election laws and companies, like Twitter and Facebook, ‘interfere[d]’ in the election, by supporting Biden.

Missouri Republican Sen. Josh Hawley said Wednesday he will join a handful of House Republicans who plan to object to the Electoral College vote counts in key swing states, which could delay Congress certifying the election of President-elect Joe Biden 

Sen. Josh Hawley outlined his reason for joining the effort in a statement sent out Wednesday. He called out Congress for not investigating alleged 'voter fraud,' and said Facebook and Twitter 'interfere[d]' in the election by having a pro-Joe Biden bias

Sen. Josh Hawley outlined his reason for joining the effort in a statement sent out Wednesday. He called out Congress for not investigating alleged ‘voter fraud,’ and said Facebook and Twitter ‘interfere[d]’ in the election by having a pro-Joe Biden bias 

President Donald Trump has been pressuring Republican senators to object to states' Electoral College vote counts, as a senator and a House member have to sign on for there to be a debate and a vote. Depending on how many states Republicans object to, it could hold up certifying the election for Joe Biden for hours

President Donald Trump has been pressuring Republican senators to object to states’ Electoral College vote counts, as a senator and a House member have to sign on for there to be a debate and a vote. Depending on how many states Republicans object to, it could hold up certifying the election for Joe Biden for hours  

President Donald Trump is encouraging his supporters to come to Washington, D.C. the day that Congress certifies the Electoral College results. With Hawley saying he'll join in an effort to object to states' votes, the process could take hours

President Donald Trump is encouraging his supporters to come to Washington, D.C. the day that Congress certifies the Electoral College results. With Hawley saying he’ll join in an effort to object to states’ votes, the process could take hours 

He also blasted Congress for refusing to investigate ‘allegations of voter fraud.’  

‘For these reasons, I will follow the same Democrat members of Congress have in years past and object during the certification process on January 6 to raise these critical issues,’ Hawley explained. 

Next Wednesday, Vice President Mike Pence will preside over a meeting of Congress when the results of the Electoral College vote are read and tallied. 

It’s generally a formality, but as Hawley pointed out, Democrats did object to certain states’ vote counts, including during the 2016 and 2004 races. 

In order for challenges to be debated, both a House member and a senator have to sign on to an objection. 

House Democrats raised concerns after the 2016 race over state tallies in Alabama, Florida, Michigan, Texas, Mississippi and the Carolinas, however no Democratic senator joined the effort. 

Biden, at the time serving as vice president, gaveled down the protests because they weren’t joined by a senator. 

In the 2004 cycle, then California Sen. Barbara Boxer objected alongside several House Democrats to Ohio’s results citing ‘numerous, serious election irregularities’ that led to a ‘a significant disenfranchisement of voters.’  

At the time, CNN reported that the Democrats made their move to gain support for future election reform – not because they thought it would actually overturn the results of the election, which was won by Republican President George W. Bush. 

Unlike Trump, who will applaud the effort, John Kerry, the 2004 Democratic nominee, put out a statement saying he would not take part in the protest. 

Trump has asked his supporters to march on Washington, D.C., for the third time since his election loss.  

Once Hawley and House Republicans object to a state’s vote count, lawmakers will go back to their respective chambers and discuss the merits of the objection for two hours. 

Only a majority vote is needed to overrule the objections. 

With the Democrats controlling the House and several Republicans in the Senate publicly saying that the election is over – and Biden is the winner – Hawley’s objection will trigger a delay, but not flip the results to Trump.   

Trump, however, has refused to concede the election to Biden and continued to rant about widespread voter fraud, of which there is no evidence, on Wednesday during his Florida vacation to Mar-a-Lago. 

Prior to Hawley’s announcement, Trump had been pressuring incoming Alabama Sen. Tommy Tuberville to register objections on January 6. 

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell asked senators not to engage because they’d be forced to go on the record and by voting in favor of Biden’s win, could be in danger of being taken down by pro-Trump forces within the Republican Party. 

On December 15, the day after the Electoral College met, McConnell came on the Senate floor and congratulated Biden as president-elect.  

Speaking to reporters at her weekly press conference, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi responded to Hawley’s announcement by pointing out that it wouldn’t change the election’s outcome. 

‘I have no doubt that on next Wednesday, a week from today, that Joe Biden will be confirmed by the acceptance of the vote of the Electoral College as the 46th president of the United States,’ Pelosi said. 

Jen Psaki, Biden’s incoming White House press secretary, was equally confident on a Zoom call with reporters later Wednesday afternoon. 

‘This is merely a formality,’ she said. ‘It certainly should be treated as such by people who are covering it and regardless of whatever antics anyone is up to on January 6 President-elect Biden will be sworn in on January 20.’ 

Psaki also pointed out that there was a precedent of election losers certifying the results. 

‘Vice President Biden presided over the certification of Donald Trump’s win in 2017, Vice President Nixon presided over the certification of John F. Kennedy’s win, Vice President Gore presided over the certification of George W. Bush’s win,’ Psaki said. 

Biden didn’t run for president in 2016, but supported his party’s Democratic nominee, Hillary Clinton. 

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Sports UK

Logan Paul backed to perform better than Conor McGregor against Floyd Mayweather

Logan Paul has a better chance of defeating Floyd Mayweather than Conor McGregor did, according to the American’s former opponent Victor Ortiz.

YouTuber Paul will take on Mayweather in a lucrative exhibition bout on February 20.

It comes after McGregor famously swapped MMA for boxing to take on the unbeaten star in 2017 – but was defeated in Round 10.

Ortiz was also beaten by Mayweather in 2011, and speaking to MMAFighting he insisted Paul will be a bigger threat to him than McGregor ever was.

“Conor couldn’t do nothing,” he said of their bout.

“I don’t mean to speak bad. Conor’s a heck of a UFC fighter in the octagon, but he has no business in a ring, as opposed to someone like Logan – Logan learned in a ring.

Floyd Mayweather and Logan Paul will fight in the ring in February

“So his stuff is all standup. Everything about Logan is boxing, angles, moving, so it’s two different worlds.

“I couldn’t tell you what someone like Logan or myself could do in an octagon, but stick to what you know. And Logan, he knows boxing right now.”

Ortiz has been helping Paul prepare for the fight – and thinks the 25-year-old could surprise a few people.

“He’s a dear friend, and I believe in him,” he added. “I’m telling you, it’s going to be an interesting fight.

“I’ve talked to him about Floyd a few times. I give him the simple things: ‘Floyd is Floyd, but you’re unstoppable. You’re on another level.’

Mayweather beat Conor McGregor in 2017

“I strongly believe Floyd will have trouble. Logan can box, and he has power, reach speed, and he can move now.”

“I can absolutely see 110 per cent why they would be upset. I can agree to a certain extent. But honestly, realistically, today’s society is about numbers.

“You can be one heck of a boxer, but if you’re not putting butts in seats, you ain’t getting paid.”

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Bollywood Movie Review

Anil Kapoor reveals wife Sunita was ‘supposed to do’ AK vs AK, but backed out: ‘She’s the only one we were all scared of’


Nearly all of Anil Kapoor’s immediate family is in the film AK vs AK, but conspicuous by her absence is his wife, Sunita. In the film, Anil and filmmaker Anurag Kashyap play exaggerated versions of their public personas, with cameo appearances by everyone from Anil’s kids — Harsh Varrdhan and Sonam Kapoor — and his brother, producer Boney Kapoor.

In an interview, the actor said that Sunita was included in an earlier draft of the script, but decided to opt out of the project to honour a decision that she had made a long time ago.

 

He told Scroll, “Initially, Sunita was supposed to do it. The character had to be someone who calls the shots in the house. But she doesn’t want to talk to the press from the very first day, she has made her own decisions, she said I cannot be part of this journey.”

Previously, in an interview to Film Companion, Anurag joked that while nothing was out of bounds as far as personal attacks against each other go, the only place they weren’t allowed to enter was ‘Sunita’s bedroom’. He said that they even tried to get her to agree to a voice cameo, like the one Nawazuddin Siddiqui makes in the film, but she refused to do it.

Also read: AK vs AK movie review: Anil Kapoor unleashes inner Chembur against Anurag Kashyap in inventive but inconsistent Netflix film

Anil said, “Sunita was the only one we were all scared of, that’s it.” He said that she has been a part of the industry for many years, but she took a decision that ‘she doesn’t want to be a known face.’ Director Vikramaditya Motwane said that at one point they tried breaching the subject of appearing in the film with her. “We were in your home one day, still discussing, she’d said no already, and you put me in front and said ‘babe, Vikram wants to ask you something’.” He said that before he could complete his sentence, she gave him a look and that was the end of that.

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Quack cure or Covid hope? Six science-backed foods that fight Covid

A vaccine is being rolled out and potential treatments are being trialled to see if they can cure Covid, but for the foreseeable future, coronavirus will remain a menace to society. 

As a result, scientists are still searching for ways in which members of the general public can reduce their risk of infection and prevent severe symptoms if they do get infected. 

One avenue being explored by academics is the role of food science and nutrition, with scientific trials and studies finding various supermarket items may be able to help in the fight against coronavirus. 

Theories abound over the protective role of common supplements such as omega-3, vitamin D and melatonin, but other food items may also help. 

MailOnline looks at six items which can be bought in your local supermarket that have been found, by various teams of experts, to be beneficial in the fight against the coronavirus pandemic.  

All claim the items should be considered for future clinical trials due to potential health benefits, but Dr Sarah Berry, reader in nutritional sciences at King’s College London, tells MailOnline the best way to use food to maximise protection from Covid-19 is to follow a traditional, healthy, and varied diet. 

‘The way we need to be thinking about our food is in terms of dietary patterns instead of a “magic bullet”,’ she says. 

Various studies have looked at the role of different foods in preventing coronavirus infection severe Covid-19 These include seaweed and grapefruit-based nasal sprays, dark chocolate, tuna and kefir

1. Tuna 

Institution: Bohai University, China 

Tuna, fresh or from a tin, is a hugely popular food eaten around the world and, in 2019, Britons spent more than £400 million on the fish.  

It has been long hailed as a good source of vitamin B12, being high in omega-3, and has a high protein content, but it has yet to be considered for its role in fighting coronavirus.

A scientific paper published in the journal Food Chemistry in October looked at proteins derived from tuna and if they play a role in preventing coronavirus infection. 

Researchers looked at peptides — which are made from the same building blocks as proteins but are smaller in size — derived from tuna.

They used computer systems to model how 142 peptides that are created when tuna is digested by the body react with two key aspects of a coronavirus infection — the enzyme Mpro and receptor ACE2. 

A peptide called E-M is made when tuna is digested by the body and it can prevent the coronavirus binding to ACE2 receptor and also inhibit its ability to replicate

A peptide called E-M is made when tuna is digested by the body and it can prevent the coronavirus binding to ACE2 receptor and also inhibit its ability to replicate 

ACE2 is known as the coronavirus’s gateway into human cells and is targeted by the spike protein that protrudes  from the surface of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes Covid-19. It tricks the receptor into letting it inside the cell and from here the pathogen goes on to multiply and spread, leading to disease. 

Mpro is a lesser-known player which researchers have also been targeting. Its full name is ‘main protease’ and it is an enzyme created by the coronavirus which is crucial in allowing the virus to replicate. 

The digital recreations of interactions between the 142 tuna-based peptides and both Mpro and ACE2 reveal one, called E-M, can interfere with the virus’s normal processes. 

The peptide interacts with 13 different amino acids on Mpro and makes strong bonds with two of them which the researchers say ‘may play important roles in inhibiting the activity of Mpro’.

By stopping Mpro from working properly, the virus cannot replicate properly and therefore is unable to spread from cell to cell. 

The researchers also believe E-M binds to ten locations on ACE2, of which eight are thought to be critical to how the receptor binds to the spike protein of the coronavirus. 

‘These results indicated that peptide E-M may be considered as potential inhibitor for SARS-CoV-2,’ the researchers say in their paper. 

Hannah Whittaker, a spokesperson for the British Dietetic Association (BDA) told MailOnline: ‘The research shows that a protein within tuna (EM) binds to a receptor and could potentially block SARS-CoV-2 attachment. 

‘People may feel that eating more tuna will stop them getting COVID, however this is likely incorrect and excessive tuna intake can also have a negative effect on health due to high mercury content.’

Pictured: the E-M peptide made from tuna when it binds to the human ACE2 receptor

Pictured: the E-M peptide in its position on the Mpro enzyme which allows the virus to replicate

Pictured left: the E-M peptide made from tuna when it binds to the human ACE2 receptor. It can latch on and prevent SARS-CoV- viral spike from binding. Pictured, right: the E-M peptide in its position on the Mpro enzyme which allows the virus to replicate 

2. Dark chocolate and grapes 

Institute: North Carolina State University  

Flavanols are a group of chemical compounds found in many different food products, including green tea, muscadine grapes, dark chocolate, blueberries and wine. 

They have been linked with various health benefits, including improved blood circulation in the legs of over-60s and improved mental agility.   

Researchers from the US wanted to see if a sub-group, known as flavan-3-ols, could boost a person’s immune system to help fight coronavirus, and focused on the aforementioned Mpro enzyme. 

‘Mpro in SARS-CoV-2 is required for the virus to replicate and assemble itself,’ said study author Professor De-Yu Xie. ‘If we can inhibit or deactivate this protease, the virus will die.’ 

The study, published in December in the journal Frontiers in Plant Science, found the flavan-3-ols can bind to Mpro, preventing its function and therefore hindering its ability to replicate and spread.

‘Green tea has five tested chemical compounds that bind to different sites in the pocket on Mpro, essentially overwhelming it to inhibit its function,’ Xie said. 

‘Muscadine grapes contain these inhibitory chemicals in their skins and seeds.’

Writing in their study, the researchers say that considering there is no effective medicine yet for Covid-19, ‘these data recommend that these nutraceutical compounds and extracts of green tea, grape, and cacao can be utilised to interfere the devastation of SARS-Cov-2’.

Dark chocolate (pictured) is a source of flavan-3-ols, compounds which are known to boost health

muscadine grapes (pictured) as well as cocoa and other items are a source of flavanols

Flavanols are a group of chemical compounds found in many different food products, including green tea, muscadine grapes (right), dark chocolate (left), blueberries and wine

3. Kefir 

Institution:  Alexandria University, Egypt and Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Kefir is a yoghurt-like liquid made from fermented milk and grains and is a good source of protein and calcium. 

It has previously been associated with easing IBS symptoms as well as improving blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Researchers submitted a study in the journal Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy which is set to be published in January 2021 stating kefir has various antiviral properties which allow it to fight coronavirus infection. 

‘With respect to human health, kefir has antiviral, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory potential,’ the researchers write. 

The academics reviewed research on kefir and analysed its probiotic properties, its track record of antiviral action against infections such as dengue fever, zika and hepatiti C, and how it may interact with the coronavirus. 

Kefir (pictured) is a a drink which is made from fermented milk and grains and is a yoghurt-like liquid which is more of a drink than a food with a sour taste. Researchers believe it can prevent and reinin the potentially fatal 'cytokine storm' in some severe Covid patients

Kefir (pictured) is a a drink which is made from fermented milk and grains and is a yoghurt-like liquid which is more of a drink than a food with a sour taste. Researchers believe it can prevent and reinin the potentially fatal ‘cytokine storm’ in some severe Covid patients 

One of the most dangerous aspects of Covid-19 is that in some people with severe disease the immune system can go haywire and overproduce molecules called cytokines. 

This can lead to a phenomenon called ‘cytokine storm’ which causes severe inflammation and can be fatal if left unchecked.  

In the study, the researchers say ‘kefir can act as an anti-inflammatory agent… hence, kefir might be a significant inhibitor of the ‘cytokine storm’ that contributes to COVID-19.’

It does this by inhibiting the production of known cytokines, called IL-6, IL-1, TNF-α, and interferon-γ, which are believed to be responsible for the overreaction. 

‘A proposed initial solution to protect patients from the cytokine storm is blockade of IL-6 function or administration of a compound to suppress inflammation,’ the researchers write. 

‘Kefir can inhibit the activity of proinflammatory cytokines. Using kefir (and its byproducts) as an inhibitor of expression of proinflammatory cytokines in COVID-19 patients could be a viable policy.’ 

‘Based on all studies undertaken on kefir and its probiotic microbes, kefir may act as a protective agent against viral infections.’ 

Dr Berry told MailOnline it is plausible kefir could be beneficial, based on its long track-record as a probiotic. 

‘We know probiotics can act on the microbiome and can modulate our immune response and we know it can reduce our inflammatory response,’ she says.    

4. Grapefruit seed extract

Institute: Nova Southeastern University, Florida and Aventura Pulmonary Institute, Miami

Xlear is a nasal spray that has been around for years, and its main purpose is to clear out the nose. It is made with grapefruit seed extract and xylitol, a short carbon-based molecule

Xlear is a nasal spray that has been around for years, and its main purpose is to clear out the nose. It is made with grapefruit seed extract and xylitol, a short carbon-based molecule

Xlear is a nasal spray that has been around for several years, and its main purpose is to clear out the nose. It is made with grapefruit seed extract and xylitol, a short carbon-based molecule.

However, new research published online to pre-print server biorXiv, reveals it may have antiviral properties.

Scientists conducted two experiments and found the grapefruit seed extract at a concentration of just 0.2 per cent was able to reduce the amount of SARS-CoV-2 below detectable levels. 

On December 8, Xlear announced it was filing for a pre-emergency use authorization (Pre-EUA) request with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in a bid to get Xlear Nasal Spray listed as a hygiene tool to combat the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

The filing is based on the benefits of Xlear in clearing out the nose and potentially any virus, but it also comes on the back of a study which finds it has antiviral and virucidal properties.

‘The exact mechanism on how both Xylitol and grapefruit seed extract work is not completely understood, but based on our studies and visualization experiments seems to prevent the entrance of the virus in the cell, and at the same time, is virucidal,’ Dr Marcos Sanchez-Gonzalez, co-author of the research, told MailOnline. 

He says a case series published by the group suggests using Xlear as part of the medical treatment can lead to Covid-19 patients testing negative in just four days.  

Larger clinical trials are already underway to see if the spray, which can be bought for £10 online, can reduce the spread of the virus as well as improving recovery. 

Dr Sanchez-Gonzalez adds: ‘We encourage people to use Xlear even if they are not infected, but as shown by our case series it can be used concurrently with the medical treatment. 

‘Besides some discomfort immediately after spraying into the nose no adverse reactions or safety issues were reported by the patients.’

The exact mechanism on how both Xylitol and grapefruit seed extract work is not completely understood, researchers admit, but are pushing for FDA approval for its use to help with general hygiene due to the covid-19 pandemic

The exact mechanism on how both Xylitol and grapefruit seed extract work is not completely understood, researchers admit, but are pushing for FDA approval for its use to help with general hygiene due to the covid-19 pandemic 

DreamLab project uses phones to power coronavirus research   

Experts at Imperial College London partnered with Vodafone on the ‘DreamLab’ project where people can use their smartphone to power mathematical equations through the night to aid ongoing research. 

Dubbed Corona-AI it is looking at the potential of ‘hyperfoods’ to combat the virus after it has infected a person. 

So far, early indicators from the study say a host of foods may be of used, including berries, oranges, broccoli and garlic.

This study is ongoing and needs members of the public to use their phones to crunch the vast amount of data needed to progress the study, and researchers say the findings will not be revealed until December 2021.  

5. Tinned food preservative 

Institute: Visva-Bharati University, India  

Nisin is a natural food preservative made by a bacteria and found in many canned goods. It is also known by the ‘E number’ E234 and is a long chain peptide of carbon atoms which is home to 34 different amino acids.

It was first identified in fermented milk and is now globally used as a natural and safe food preservative in a variety of products such as processed cheese, dairy desserts, milk, fermented beverages, meat and canned foods.

Indian academics looked at if nisin acts as an antiviral against the coronavirus and have had their work peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in the January 2021 edition of the journal Virology.

It shows, for the first time, that the peptide can block the ACE2 receptor, thereby preventing SARS-CoV-2 from binding to it and infecting cells. 

Eight different variants of nisin were investigated and four (nisin H, Z, U and A) have a stronger affinity for the ACE2 receptor than the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.

Ms Whittaker told MailOnline: ‘The authors found that nisin H acted as a potential competitor of [the receptor binding domain of the virus’s spike protein] to access the hACE2 receptor, therefore stopping COVID binding and entering cells.’

‘The study unravels for the first time that a globally used food preservative, nisin has the potential to bind to ACE2,’ the scientists write in the study. 

Computer models were used to assess the binding of the peptides to ACE2, in a similar process to the study which found the tuna-derived protein E-M can inhibit coronavirus replication. 

‘Nisin being a low molecular weight peptide and readily bioavailable in the system, its binding to hACE2 is expected to over-rule the interaction possibility of the RBD of spike of SARS-CoV-2 and could essentially exclude the virus entry to the host cell,’ they write. 

‘The present work will create greater interest among researchers to develop a new nisin-based treatment strategy for COVID-19, either through oral or nasal applications.’

Nisin is a natural food preservative also known as the 'E number' E234. It was first identified in fermented milk and is now globally used as a natural and safe food preservative in a variety of products such as processed cheese, dairy desserts, milk, fermented beverages, meat and canned foods

Nisin is a natural food preservative also known as the ‘E number’ E234. It was first identified in fermented milk and is now globally used as a natural and safe food preservative in a variety of products such as processed cheese, dairy desserts, milk, fermented beverages, meat and canned foods

6. Seaweed 

Institute: Swansea university  

Swansea University has started human trials on this nasal spray from Boots to see if it can help stop coronavirus

Swansea University has started human trials on this nasal spray from Boots to see if it can help stop coronavirus

Carrageenan is a form of edible seaweed that is red in colour and was used to treat respiratory ailments in 19th century Ireland.  

A patented version of the plant is also the main ingredient in a nasal spray which costs £5.99 for 20ml and is only available at Boots. 

The so-called Dual Defence formulation is made by the Austrian firm Marinomed, and Boots is the only British company licensed to sell it. 

Researchers at Swansea University have started human trials following successful lab studies of the over-the-counter remedy which found it can prevent infection and reduce the severity of symptoms if people do catch Covid-19.

Dubbed ICE-COVID, the trial is now ongoing with 480 frontline NHS workers in the Welsh city involved with the project and results are expected to be released in May 2021.

Dr Zita Jessop, co-lead of the study at Swansea University, said: ‘Previous studies highlighted the effectiveness of iota-carrageenan-based nasal sprays against coronaviruses, indicating promise against SARS-Cov-2. 

‘If the results of this randomised placebo-controlled clinical trial are positive as we expect, this has the potential to add an extra prevention strategy in the fight against COVID-19.’

For the Boots spray, the seaweed is sourced from Zanzibar and the Philippines and the Dual Defence formulation is made by the Austrian firm Marinomed.

For the Boots spray, the is carrageenan is sourced from Zanzibar and the Philippines and the Dual Defence formulation is made by the Austrian firm Marinomed

For the Boots spray, the is carrageenan is sourced from Zanzibar and the Philippines and the Dual Defence formulation is made by the Austrian firm Marinomed

No ‘silver bullet’

Dr Berry told MailOnline that, while these foods might convey some benefit, the best way to stay healthy is to eat a well balanced diet.

‘We don’t eat single foods or nutrients, we consume mixed foods that create a dietary pattern. This is what is going to impact our overall health,’ she said.

‘We know there are certain food groups associated with an inflammatory response or poorer immune function but there’s no single food that will confer protection or inhibit inflammation.

‘Foods such as fruits, vegetables, pulses, nuts and seeds — as well as reducing processed foods that we know will inhibit immune responses such as processed meat — are good.

‘Combining good foods and reducing bad foods is the approach we should take opposed to focusing on a certain food. It is important to encourage a diverse diet.’ 

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California Headline USA New York

‘Funky’ female-run coffee company backed by Meghan is founded by superfood-fanatic Californian

The CEO of a ‘funky’ powdered latte company backed financially by Meghan Markle is a globe-trotting Californian free spirit who hopes to convince the world of the power of mushrooms and stress-relieving plants known as ‘adaptogens’.

Hannah Mendoza founded Clevr Brands in January 2019, after initially selling her powdered drinks at a pop-up coffee shop.

On Sunday it emerged that Markle had invested in the brand, after Oprah Winfrey – who attended Markle and Prince Harry’s wedding – promoted the products on her Instagram.

‘On the first day of Christmas my neighbor ‘M’ sent to me…a basket of deliciousness! (Yes that M),’ Oprah said, with a crown emoji.

‘My new drink of choice for the morning and night.

‘Wish I had Clevr Blends sooner cause I would’ve added it to my Favorite Things list,’ she told her 19 million followers.

Scroll down for video 

Markle appearing on CNN on Monday to thank the ‘quiet heroes’ of the pandemic

Oprah posted the products on her Instagram page on Sunday night, giving the brand a huge plug to her 16million followers

Oprah posted the products on her Instagram page on Sunday night, giving the brand a huge plug to her 16million followers  

Markle then issued a statement confirming her investment in the company. She did not specify her stake.

‘This investment is in support of a passionate female entrepreneur who prioritizes building community alongside her business,’ said Markle.

‘I’m proud to invest in Hannah’s commitment to sourcing ethical ingredients and creating a product that I personally love and has a holistic approach to wellness. I believe in her and I believe in her company.’

Mendoza co-founded the company in January 2019 with 31-year-old Roger Coppola.

The pair both attended UC Santa Barbara, with Mendoza graduating in 2014.

Clevr Blends CEO and co-founder Hannah Mendoza. It's unclear how old she is but she graduated from college in 2014

Clevr Blends CEO and co-founder Hannah Mendoza. It's unclear how old she is but she graduated from college in 2014

Clevr Blends CEO and co-founder Hannah Mendoza, who graduated from college in 2014

Meghan billed the company as 'woman led'. Its co-founder is 31-year-old Roger Coppola

Meghan billed the company as ‘woman led’. Its co-founder is 31-year-old Roger Coppola

Some of the goods sold on Clevr Blends' website include a 'golden' turmeric 'superlatte' and 'macha superlatte'

Some of the goods sold on Clevr Blends’ website include a ‘golden’ turmeric ‘superlatte’ and ‘macha superlatte’

Her address is listed as a $1.2 million home in Berkeley, and her social media feed is full of posts promoting wellness and positive thinking.

MARKLE’S STATEMENT ON INVESTMENT 

‘This investment is in support of a passionate female entrepreneur who prioritizes building community alongside her business.

I’m proud to invest in Hannah’s commitment to sourcing ethical ingredients and creating a product that I personally love and has a holistic approach to wellness. 

I believe in her and I believe in her company.’

In October Mendoza posted a photo of herself in hiking gear, beaming besides a giant mushroom growing from a tree trunk.

‘Hannah having one of those mushroom-awe moments (a common theme on the Clevr team),’ she wrote.

‘Mushrooms should make you believe in magic – they are ancient organisms that talk to each other, exist on every inch of the globe, and heal our bodies in unthinkable ways.

‘Did you know that the largest living thing ON EARTH is a mycelium network!? Aka a mushroom!’

In November, Mendoza showed a photo from one of their suppliers in Santa Barbara, describing Sweet Mountain Top farm as ‘a badass team of female farmers, up on a mountain, growing flowers & medicinal herbs in the clouds.’⁠

Markle is said to have contacted the company after sampling their products for herself in 2017.

Mendoza confirmed Markle’s investment, saying: ‘Entrepreneurs need funding, but they also need advisers who care deeply about what they are building.

‘I’m grateful to have found both in the Duchess of Sussex.

‘Her passion for what we’re creating is palpable, and I couldn’t imagine a more aligned partnership.

‘We’re excited for the road ahead.’

Clevr Blends has a range of powdered ‘superlattes’ that cost $28 for each packet of 14 cups, and comes in flavors such as tumeric and matcha.

They also sell what is billed as ‘organic Colombian arabica coffee blended with oat milk and coconut cream, powered by adaptogens, mushrooms and probiotics, naturally sweetened with monk fruit.’ 

It also sells an $18 branded milk frother and a sold-out travel mug.

All contain adaptogens – natural substances, typically derived from plants, that supposedly help the body counteract and adapt to stress.

Mendoza founded Clevr Blends after setting up a ‘funky coffee pop up bar’.

‘We traveled the California coast, mixing up adaptogenic lattes and mushrooms coffees out the back of a van. It was awesome,’ she writes on the company website.

‘Our drinks made people feel amazing – but were hard to re-create at home.

‘We needed an easier way to bring these magical elixirs to people’s daily rituals…so we hit the kitchen!

‘We set out on a mission to create the most delicious, nutrition-rich instant latte on the planet.

‘After 1 year of formulation and meticulous ingredient sourcing later, our SuperLattes were born!’

The company says it sources all of its goods in Santa Barbara and makes them there.

It says it only uses organic or non-GMO ingredients, and that they also want to ‘donate a percentage of our revenue to organizations that are fighting for food justice in the USA.’

Before going into the superfood business, Mendoza worked as a volunteer English teacher in Brazil.

The company sells pre-packaged superfood-based latte powders that just needs water adding

The company sells pre-packaged superfood-based latte powders that just needs water adding

Clevr Blends also collaborates with a 'queer BIPOC lead group' that focuses on 'regional mutual aid and community resilience - to uplift food justice projects'

Clevr Blends also collaborates with a ‘queer BIPOC lead group’ that focuses on ‘regional mutual aid and community resilience – to uplift food justice projects’ 

Markle’s investment is the first since she and Harry left royal life earlier this year to pursue a private life and seek ‘financial independence’ from the royal family.

Their departure sent shockwaves through the royal family and came after months of rumored discord.

In their roles as senior royals, they would not have been able to make private investments.

But now, they are free to enter business deals with the likes of Netflix – with whom they’ve partnered in a deal with a reported $100 million.

They have also collected checks for speaking at private engagements since quitting royal life in January 2020 after complaining of press intrusion.

On Monday, Meghan also appeared on CNN in a pre-recorded video message to thank the ‘quiet heroes’ of the pandemic.

She also recently wrote for The New York Times and revealed she’d suffered a miscarriage.

Categories
Technology US

Hackers backed by Russian government reportedly breached US government agencies

The same Russian government hacking group responsible for a security breach at FireEye compromised the Treasury and Commerce departments and other US government agencies, The Washington Post reported. The group, known as APT29, or Cozy Bear, was responsible for hacking the US State Department and the White House during the Obama administration, according to the Post, and is the group that officials believe targeted COVID-19 vaccine research over the summer.

Reuters reported that in addition to hacking Treasury and the Commerce Department’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), the hackers may have breached other US government entities.

Government officials considered the hack dire enough that the National Security Council held an emergency meeting at the White House on Saturday.

An NSC spokesman told Reuters that the government was “aware” of the reports, adding “we are taking all necessary steps” to remedy the situation. It’s not yet clear exactly what information may have been stolen or which foreign government was involved. But the “highly sophisticated” hackers were able to break into NTIA’s Microsoft Office software, tricking authentication controls in order to monitor staff emails for months, according to Reuters.

Several federal law enforcement agencies, including the FBI, are investigating the breach.

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A New Jersey lawmaker has called on Nancy Pelosi to BAR 126 members who backed Trump’s Texas lawsuit

New Jersey representative Bill Pascrell has urged House speaker Nancy Pelosi to bar 126 GOP members from taking their seats, claiming that their support for President Trump’s failed Texas lawsuit made them ‘traitors’ who had violated the Constitution.   

Pascrell, 83, argued Saturday that the House members who signed an amicus brief supporting the court-case, including House Minority leader and California representative Kevin McCarthy, had broken their oaths to uphold the Constitution and should be banned from sitting in the 117th Congress and called on Pelosi to take action.

The Texas attorney general Ken Paxton’s suit, supported by 17 other state attorneys general, attempted to reject millions of votes in Georgia, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Wisconsin, whose citizens chose President-elect Joe Biden over Donald Trump.

The case was thrown out by the Supreme Court on Friday. 

Pascrell cited Section 3 of the 14th Amendment, which was ratified in 1868 during post Civil War reconstruction period and was designed to keep traitors out of state, federal or military positions. 

It is sometimes called the ‘disqualification clause’.

The Democratic law-maker, who has represented parts of New Jersey on and off since 1997, tweeted: ‘The text of the 14th Amendment expressly forbids Members of Congress from engaging in rebellion against the United States. Trying to overturn a democratic election and install a dictator seems a pretty clear example of that’.    

Representative Bill Pascrell, a Democrat from New Jersey, has launched a bid to persuade House speaker Nancy Pelosi to refuse to seat the 126 GOP members who sought to overtturn the election result. Pictured here on January 9 during a bill enrollment ceremony at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C

Pascrell tweeted his official bid to have the 126 GOP law-makers unseated for seeking to 'make Donald Trump an unelected dictator'

Pascrell tweeted his official bid to have the 126 GOP law-makers unseated for seeking to ‘make Donald Trump an unelected dictator’

Pascrell cited section 3 of the 14th Amendment which is designed to keep traitors out of office

Pascrell cited section 3 of the 14th Amendment which is designed to keep traitors out of office

House speaker Nancy Pelosi, pictured during a news conference in Capitol Hill on Decem,ber 10, has been asked to stop the 126 'rebel' GOPs from taking their seats

House speaker Nancy Pelosi, pictured during a news conference in Capitol Hill on Decem,ber 10, has been asked to stop the 126 ‘rebel’ GOPs from taking their seats

In his statement to House leaders Pascrell said that the 126 members were attempting to ‘obliterate public confidence in our democratic system’ by installing an ‘unelected dictator’.

He urged Pelosi to take action and said: ‘I call on you to exercise the power of your offices to evaluate steps you can take to address these constitutional violations this Congress and, if possible, refuse to seat in the 117th Congress any Members-elect seeking to make Donald Trump an unelected dictator.’ 

Pascrell added:  ‘Men and women who would act to tear the United States government apart cannot serve as Members of the Congress. These lawsuits seeking to obliterate public confidence in our democratic system by invalidating the clear results of the 2020 presidential election undoubtedly attack the text and spirit of the Constitution, which each Member swears to support and defend.’ 

He later widened his call in a tweet: ‘Today I’m calling on House leaders to refuse to seat any Members trying to overturn the election and make Donald Trump an unelected dictator.’

House speaker Pelosi has not yet responded but in a letter published Friday night, she called the politicians involved in the lawsuits ‘engaged in election subversion that imperils our democracy.’

After the 2020 race was called for President-elect Biden, Trump and his allies immediately filed lawsuits against multiple states, baselessly accusing them of perpetuating and covering up election fraud. Of the dozens of lawsuits he filed, none have been successful. 

The amicus brief was led by staunch Trump ally and Republican Rep. Mike Johnson of Louisiana. 

Out-going President Donald Trump has lost multiple lawsuits in his attempt to overturn the election result

Out-going President Donald Trump has lost multiple lawsuits in his attempt to overturn the election result

Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton, pictured at the Austin Police Association on Thursday Sept 10, led a failed bid in Texas to overturn the election result

Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton, pictured at the Austin Police Association on Thursday Sept 10, led a failed bid in Texas to overturn the election result

U.S. House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy, pictured at a news conference at the U.S. Capitol on December 10, is one of the most high profile members to sign the brief

U.S. Representative Steve Scalise, pictured at a press conference on December 10, signed the briefing

126 GOP members signed the briefing supporting the baseless Texas lawsuit

Representative Matt Gaetz, pictured on December 9 on Capitol Hill, supported the Texas lawsuit

Representative Dan Crenshaw, a Republican from Texas, pictured during a House Homeland Security Committee hearingin June 2019, supported the failed bid to overturn the election

Pascrell has asked House speaker Nancy Pelosi to bar the GOP members from being sworn in

Following Friday’s announcement that the Supreme Court wouldn’t hear the case, Trump and his allies issues several drastic statements. 

Texas GOP Chairman Allen West said some states should break away from the rest of the United States and ‘bond together’ in a call for secession not seen since the Civil War.

Others, including vloggers Diamond and Silk questioned: ‘where is the military?’   

 The Supreme Court earlier this week rejected a bid from Pennsylvania Republicans to undo Biden’s win in the state. The order was unsigned and had no noted dissents.

Pascrell previously called for an investigation into the entire Trump administration when Biden takes office. 

Section 3 of the 14th Amendment 

The US Constitution was ratified in 1787 and currently has 27 Amendments

The US Constitution was ratified in 1787 and currently has 27 Amendments

What is Section 3 of the 14th Amendment?  

It was designed to keep ‘traitors’ out of power by giving the federal government the right to stop anyone who ‘rebels’ or commits ‘treason’ against the United States from running for state, federal or military office. 

This includes if they deny someone their rights as a US citizen, including the right to vote. It is sometimes called the ‘disqualification clause’.

Why was it brought in?  

It was added in 1868 when the country was in the middle of the horrors of the post Civil War reconstruction era and Congress was feuding with President Andrew Johnson over how to treat the Confederate states. 

Formerly enslaved Africans Americans had just been granted citizenship three years earlier with the 13th Amendment, but several southern states were refusing to recognize it and had passed their own repressive laws, known as ‘black codes’.

So Section 3 was added as a fail-safe to keep former Confederate leaders from running for office. 

It can only be overturned by a two-third majority in the houses of Congress.

Has it been used before? 

In 1919, Victor L. Berger, a member of the Socialist Party of America who had been convicted under the Espionage Act, was repeatedly prevented from taking his seat by a House resolution after winning the Fifth Wisconsin District, The New York Times reports.

Could House speaker Nancy Pelosi use it now? 

Although the clause was written in the context of the Civil War, it would theoretically still apply for members of future rebellions or insurrections against the United States, with occasional historical uses setting a precedent.  

Full text of Section 3, 14th Amendment of the US Constitution:

No Person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.  

 

THE 126 HOUSE REPUBLICANS WHO WANT SCOTUS TO OVERTURN THE ELECTION RESULT

 Ralph Abraham Louisiana 

Robert Aderholt Alabama 

Rick W. Allen Georgia 

Jodey Arrington Texas

James R. Baird Indiana

Jim Banks Indiana

Jack Bergman Michigan 

Andy Biggs Arizona

Gus Bilirakis Florida

Dan Bishop North Carolina  

Mike Bost Illinois

Kevin Brady Texas

Mo Brooks Alabama 

Ken Buck Colorado 

Ted Budd North Carolina 

Tim Burchett Tennessee 

Michael C. Burgess Texas

Bradley Byrne Alabama 

Ken Calvert California 

Earl L. ‘Buddy’ Carter Georgia 

Ben Cline Virginia 

Michael Cloud Texas 

Doug Collins Georgia 

Mike Conaway Texas 

Rick Crawford Arkansas 

Dan Crenshaw Texas 

Scott DesJarlais Tennessee  

Mario Diaz-Balart Florida

Jeff Duncan South Carolina

Neal P. Dunn Florida

Tom Emmer Minnesota 

Ron Estes Kansas 

A. Drew Ferguson Georgia 

Chuck Fleischmann Tennessee 

Bill Flores Texas  

Jeff Fortenberry Nebraska  

Virginia Foxx North Carolina 

Russ Fulcher Idaho

Matt Gaetz Florida  

 Greg Gianforte Montana 

Bob Gibbs Ohio

Louie Gohmert Texas  

Lance Gooden Texas

Sam Graves Missouri 

Mark Green Tennessee

Morgan Griffith Virginia 

Michael Guest Mississippi 

Jim Hagedorn Minnesota 

Andy Harris Maryland 

Vicky Hartzler Missouri 

Kevin Hern Oklahoma 

Clay Higgins Louisiana 

Jody Hice Georgia 

Trey Hollingsworth Indiana 

Richard Hudson North Carolina 

Bill Huizenga Michigan

Bill Johnson Ohio   

Mike Johnson Louisiana 

Jim Jordan Ohio 

John Joyce Pennsylvania

Fred Keller Pennsylvania

Mike Kelly Pennsylvania 

Trent Kelly Mississippi 

Steve King Iowa 

David Kustoff Tennessee 

Darin LaHood Illinois 

Doug LaMalfa California 

Doug Lamborn Colorado 

Robert Latta Ohio

Debbie Lesko Arizona

Billy Long Missouri

Barry Loudermilk Georgia 

Blaine Leutkemeyer Missouri 

Kenny Marchant Texas 

Roger Marshall Kansas 

Kevin McCarthy California Minority leader 

Tom McClintock California 

Cathy McMorris Rogers Washington

 Dan Meuser Pennsylvania  

Carol D. Miller West Virginia 

John Moolenaar Michigan 

 Alex Mooney West Virginia 

Markwayne Mullin Oklahoma     

Gregory Murphy North Carolina 

Dan Newhouse Washington

Ralph Norman South Carolina

Steven Palazzo Mississippi 

Gary Palmer Alabama 

Greg Pence Indiana 

Scott Perry Pennsylvania 

Bill Posey Florida 

Guy Reschenthaler Pennsylvania

Tom Rice South Carolina 

Mike Rodgers Alabama 

John Rose Tennessee

 David Rouzer North Carolina

John Rutherford Florida

Steve Scalise Louisiana Minority whip 

Austin Scott Georgia

Mike Simpson Idaho 

Adrian Smith Nebraska 

Jason Smith Missouri

Ross Spano Florida 

Pete Stauber Michigan  

Elise Stefanik New York 

Gregory Steube Florida 

Glenn ‘GT’ Thompson Pennsylvania 

Tom Tiffany Wisconsin 

William Timmons South Carolina 

Jeff Van Drew New Jersey 

Ann Wagner Missouri 

Tim Walberg Michigan 

Mark Walker North Carolina

Jackie Walorski Indiana 

Michael Waltz Florida 

Randy Weber Texas

Daniel Webster Florida 

Brad Wenstrup Ohio 

Bruce Westerman Arkansas

Roger Williams Texas

Joe Wilson South Carolina 

Rob Wittman Virginia 

Ron Wright Texas 

Ted S. Yoho Florida

Lee Zeldin New York