Udham Singh death anniversary: After waiting for 21 years, General Dyer, who was the Governor of Punjab province, entered into his country and shot openly, Udham Singh avenged the Jallianwala Bagh scandal. Learn- The heroic story of Udham Singh.
Udham Singh death anniversary
Shaheed Udham Singh is the name of the fearless and brave Indian who avenged this heinous murder by killing the killer and convict of Jallianwala massacre. It was the day of 26 December when he shot his General Dyer in London and fulfilled his age-old pledge. Udham Singh was hanged on 31 July 1940 on the charge of Dyer’s murder. There was no shadow of fear on his face even when he was convicted in the court and ordered to be hanged. On the contrary, he was very happy to fulfill his pledge.
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
On 13 April 1919, on Baisakhi, a meeting was held at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar. Even after curfew was imposed in the city, hundreds of people were involved in it. Some of the leaders were speakers. Due to the festival of Baisakhi, people also came from outside to visit the fair and the city. On the other hand, in Jallianwala Bagh, the crowd of people was constantly increasing. Meanwhile, Brigadier General Michael O Dyer reached there with 90 British soldiers. They all had rifles loaded in their hands.
The leaders giving the speech saw him but asked the people present there to remain calm. After some time, Dyer ordered the soldiers to fire at the unarmed people present there. A total of 1650 rounds were fired in 10 minutes. Jallianwala Bagh was surrounded on all sides, there was no way to escape or save lives. Some people jumped into the well in the field to save their lives. That well also corpses on sight Got ripped off The carnage had a deep wound on Udham Singh’s life. He had seen this scene closely. Since then, the fire of revenge from Dyer was burning in his heart.
More time spent in the orphanage
Sardar Shaheed Udham Singh was born on 26 December 1899 in Sunam village in Sangrur district, Punjab. His mother had died within two years of his birth and the father had also died at the age of eight. After this he spent a lot of time with his elder brother in an orphanage in Amritsar. However, after the death of his elder brother in 1917, he was left alone. In 1919, he left the orphanage and joined the freedom movement. During this time, the incident of Jallianwala Bagh decreased. After this, the only purpose of his life was the death of General Dyer. For this, they had to wait for the right time for 21 years.
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London arrived in hiding in 1934
Udham Singh changed his name to travel to Africa, Nairobi, Brazil and the United States to punish General Dyer. In the year 1934, Udham Singh reached London and resided there at 9, Elder Street Commercial Road. There he also bought a car and a revolver with six bullets. Now only the right time was waiting. This right time came after six years. On 13 March 1940, the Royal Central Asian Society had a meeting at Caxton Hall, London, 21 years after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Michael O Dyer was also involved as a speaker here. Udham Singh knew that it would not be a good time to see him again. So they also reached the meeting on time. He found a unique way to hide his revolver.
Revolver hidden in the book
He cut the pages of a thick book in such a way that the revolver could be easily hidden in it. He reached the meeting with this. After the meeting, Udham Singh got a chance and fired shots at Michael O Dyer, while taking a front from behind the wall. Dyer got hit by two bullets and died there. After this incident, he had a chance to escape but he did not do so and allowed himself to be arrested easily. He wanted the world to recognize the work of General Dyer. After his arrest, he was tried and he was hanged on 4 June. He was hanged in Pentonville Jail on 31 July 1940. Udham Singh used to write his name Mohammad Singh Azad in letters written from Barrickston and Pentonville Jail after killing Michael O-Dyer in Caxton Hall, London.
Mohammad Singh Azad
Udham Singh grew up and participated in the freedom movement while in India. At times, he managed to dodge the British government by throwing dust in the eyes of the British. He was renamed overseas for a long time to kill Dyer. Even after this, whenever he signed or said his name, the name used to be Mohammad Singh Azad. Udham Singh loved Punjabi najm. Often they used to hum it too. This sense was so ingrained in his heart that the items he had while targeting Dior included the pages of this Nazm. When his house was searched after the death of Dyer, it was also written in Punjabi in a diary found from his house.
Had decided at a young age
Udham Singh was born on 26 December 1899 in Sunam village of Sangrur district in Punjab. He faced many difficulties at the early age due to the shadow of the parents. He also had to live in an orphanage. Then after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919, he decided to continue his studies as well as jump into the freedom movement and made his life in the name of freedom struggle. At that time, he had passed the matriculation examination.
Udham Singh was an atheist
He joined the ‘Gadar’ party in this freedom fight and due to that he was also sentenced to 5 years in jail. After leaving prison, he changed his name and got a passport and went abroad. He met Bhagat Singh in Lahore Jail. Udham Singh was an atheist, he did not believe in any religion like Bhagat Singh.
This waiting of 21 years and revenge is complete
Michael O Dyer, who was the Governor of Punjab province at the time of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, called the biggest incident of mass massacre in the country, was sent to London after the incident. It is said that Dyer started to feel that he has come back to his homeland during his reign, fearing within the Indians. But there was someone who was following him like a shadow. It was none other than Sher Singh of India, who had come to London after making a passport in the name of Udham.
Udham Singh did not try to escape even after firing. He was arrested. He was tried in Britain and on 4 June 1940, Udham Singh was convicted of murder and on 31 July 1940 he was hanged in Pentonville Jail.