East virus causes vomiting and diarrhea and is highly contagious. All people of any ageBoth children and adults are prone contagion. Although it is called stomach flu, as the CDC points out, is not related to the virus Influenza.
Contagion occurs when entering Contact with food, surfaces and people contaminated.
When a person vomits they spread particles that can cause contagion. Just a few particles are enough to acquire he virus.
The foods they can also get norovirus when an infected person touches food with their hands dirty.
Another form of contagion is when food is placed in surfaces which are also contaminated.
If the patient vomits, it is possible that small drops of vomit they spread through the air and fall into the food.
He Water it can also be another form of contagion. If the infected person drinks water and leaves the Cup within reach. It can also be given in septic tanks that are exposed.
The symptoms most common are: vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain and nausea. In addition to these symptoms regular, there are others that may appear, such as body pain, fever and headache.
Another symptom is stomach ache or acute gastroenteritis. The first symptoms appear between the 12 and 48 hours after having been in contact with someone sick. Generally, people contaminated by norovirus are they recover after 3 days.
Another problem it produces is dehydration, and the signs are: dry throat and mouth, and decreased urination; it also feels dizziness when standing. In the case of children, they can cry without letting go tears, present drowsiness and be restless.
Treatment of the disease
There is no treatment specific to treat this disease. However, it is important to drink enough liquids to prevent dehydration.
In case of severe dehydration, it is necessary to go to a healthcare center to receive proper treatment.
In the case of children, look out this symptom carefully to prevent your condition is made worse by vomiting and diarrhea. Do not hesitate to call emergencies in the event that the situation warrants it.
The prevention is the key to avoid the spread of norovirus. Because there is no vaccine, it is best to follow certain basic hygiene rules, such as washing hands with water and soap constantly.
This recommendation is key and fundamental to avoid chain contagion. It is important handwashing when you go to bathroom or after changing diapers, before handling, preparing and eating food, and before supply some medication.
Also important Wash the food before preparing or consuming them. Another alternative is to use disinfectant for hands with alcohol. Of course, this will not be the substitute of hand washing with soap and water, but it is a alternative in case the above cannot be done.
Nap sick, do not prepare food or take care of other people. Clean constantly touching surfaces, stay away to other people, wash the clothes continually. These measurements They will be able to prevent, to a large extent, others from catching it.
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