Cholesterol is a type of lipid, that is, it is a fat-like substance that produces the liver of natural form. These lipids are important for cell membrane formation, for the production of vitamin D and some hormones.
Now, it’s important to know what happens when cholesterol levels are high. First, you need to identify the types of cholesterol that exist in the body, determine its importance and understand why it may be harmful for health if certain levels are exceeded.
What is cholesterol
One of the characteristics of cholesterol is that cannot dissolve in water, so it travels through the blood in the human body. Therefore, in order for it to be transported, the liver produces lipoproteins. These are particles that are made from fat and protein, as indicated by Healthline.
In this way, lipoproteins transport both cholesterol and triglycerides through the bloodstream. Now, keep in mind that there are two types of lipoproteins: those of low density, known as LDL and those of High intensity, or HDL.
Good cholesterol and bad cholesterol
Low-density lipoproteins, known as LDL, they are generally known as bad cholesterol. These carry cholesterol to arteries, and for this reason, if LDL cholesterol levels are high, it can accumulate in the arterial walls.
Clearly, this is not good for your health. Accumulation of cholesterol LDL form plaque that could narrow the arteries, thus limiting the flow of blood, which increases the risk of producing clots of blood.
If one of these clots blocks an artery of heart or brain, may cause a heart attack or a stroke.
Instead, high-density proteins, or HDL, known as good cholesterol, take care of return bad cholesterol to the liver to be removed of the body. In this way, avoid the buildup of cholesterol plaques in the arteries.
How to identify high cholesterol
High cholesterol cannot be identified immediately, and it can happen unnoticed for a long time until a heart attack or stroke occurs.
Therefore, to identify it it is necessary to constant medical check-ups, since the blood test determine cholesterol levels.
Now there is signs that could indicate that it is possible to have high cholesterol levels. Among them are the obesity, sedentary lifestyle, diabetes and family background.
Another important factor is the feeding. The kind of foods that is consumed can increase cholesterol levels. The junk food, foods high in fat, desserts and potato chips, among others, can affect the disturbance of cholesterol levels.
How to control cholesterol
It is important to medical check to determine how high cholesterol levels may be and process to follow.
Sometimes it is enough with the change of habitssuch as eating healthy, exercising, and avoiding junk and processed foods.
On the other hand, when the situation is complicated, the doctor will have to supply medicines to treat the problem.
The consumption of these drugs must be accompanied by the changes in habits mentioned above to Improve Life Quality.
You may also like:
Know the cottage cheese and yogurt diet to lose weight in a week
The Strangest Weight Loss Methods Ever
The 7 most popular diets among celebrities